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It is suggested that the fibrillar amyloid beta peptide (A beta) in brain plays a direct role in neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease, probably through activation of reactive oxygen species formation. Free radicals and numerous neurotoxins elicit DNA damage that subsequently activates poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP, EC In this study the(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1 is a DNA nick sensor that transforms ADP-ribose from betaNAD+ in the form of polymer to over 40 nuclear proteins, particularly to histones, several transcription factors, and PARP itself, modulating their activities and functions. PARP-1 activated by DNA breaks facilitates transcription, replication, and DNA base(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a conserved enzyme involved in the regulation of DNA repair and genome stability. The role of PARP during aging is not well known. In this study PARP activity was investigated in nuclear fractions from hippocampus, cerebellum, and cerebral cortex of adult (4 months), old adult (14 months) and aged (24-27 months) rats.(More)
The biological roles of poly(ADP-ribose) polymers (PAR) and poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of proteins in the central nervous system are diverse. The homeostasis of PAR orchestrated by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) and poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG) is crucial for cell physiology and pathology. Both enzymes are ubiquitously distributed in neurons(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent extracellular and intracellular physiological messenger. However, NO liberated in excessive amounts can be involved in macromolecular and mitochondrial damage in brain aging and in neurodegenerative disorders. The molecular mechanism of its neurotoxic action is not fully understood. Our previous data indicated involvement of NO(More)
The activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in the reperfused brain after ischemia has been assumed but never has been directly presented. Our studies indicate a different dynamic of PARP activity alteration in hippocampus during reperfusion after 3 and 10 min of transient forebrain ischemia in gerbils. The phasic stimulation of PARP activity was(More)
The 12/15-lipoxygenase(s) (LOX), poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP-1) activity and mitochondrial apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) protein in the amyloid β (Aβ) toxicity were investigated in PC12 cells that express either wild-type (APPwt) or double Swedish mutation (APPsw) forms of human Aβ precursor protein. Different levels of Aβ secretion and free(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1, EC, a DNA-bound enzyme, plays a key role in genome stability, but after overactivation can also be responsible for cell death. The aim of the present study was to investigate PARP-1 activity in the hippocampus, brain cortex, striatum and cerebellum in adult (4 months) and aged (24 months) specific pathogen(More)
Our previous studies indicated that Alzheimer's disease (AD) related amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) significantly altered muscarinic cholinergic receptor (mChR) signaling on the level of G protein regulated phospholipase C (PLC) leading to the lower formation of inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). Recent studies indicated that poly(More)
Sirtuins (SIRT1–SIRT7) are unique histone deacetylases (HDACs) whose activity depends on NAD+ levels and thus on the cellular metabolic status. SIRTs regulate energy metabolism and mitochondrial function. They orchestrate the stress response and damage repair. Through these functions sirtuins modulate the course of aging and affect neurodegenerative(More)