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Copper is an essential nutrient that serves as a co-factor for enzymes involved in critical cellular processes including energy generation, peptide hormone maturation, oxidative stress protection, and iron homeostasis. Although genes have been identified from yeast and mammals encoding a homologous subunit of a plasma membrane high affinity copper(More)
Cytoplasmic dynein is a complex containing heavy chains (HCs), intermediate chains (ICs), light intermediate chains (LICs), and light chains (LCs). The HCs are responsible for motor activity. The ICs at the tail region of the motor interact with dynactin, which is essential for dynein function. However, functions of other subunits and how they contribute to(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to identify existing clinical compounds that either possess a fungicidal activity alone or can act synergistically with fungistatic antifungals. METHODS We screened a clinical compound library for drugs that exhibited anti-Aspergillus activity. Among selected compounds, the cationic peptide antibiotic polymyxin B(More)
Microtubule (MT) plus-end-tracking proteins accumulate at MT plus ends for various cellular functions, but their targeting mechanisms are not fully understood (Akhmanova A and Steinmetz MO. Tracking the ends: a dynamic protein network controls the fate of microtubule tips. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 2008;9:309-322.). Here, we tested in the filamentous fungus(More)
We have defined how four elements that regulate expression of the rat skeletal muscle type 1 sodium channel (SkM1) gene cooperate to yield specific expression in differentiated muscle. A basal promoter region containing within it a promoter E-box (-31/-26) is broadly expressed in many cells, including myoblasts and myotubes; mutations within the promoter(More)
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