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Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) and dark septate endophytic (DSE) fungal colonization of Alchemilla glomerulans, Carex vaginata, Ranunculus acris ssp. pumilus and Trollius europaeus growing in low-alpine meadows in the Finnish subarctic were studied at different times during the growing season. Fungal colonization was correlated to soil soluble phosphorus (P)(More)
Forest soil ecology was studied in Fennoscandinavian dry Scots pine forests grazed by reindeer to varying extents (ungrazed, lichen-dominated-sites; grazed sites; and bryophyte-dominated sites). We hypothesized that the productivity parameters of the site (i.e., tree growth and soil nutrient concentrations), the vegetation composition, and the microbial(More)
DNA sequences offer powerful tools for describing the members and interactions of natural communities. In this study, we establish the to-date most comprehensive library of DNA barcodes for a terrestrial site, including all known macroscopic animals and vascular plants of an intensively studied area of the High Arctic, the Zackenberg Valley in Northeast(More)
Mycorrhizal associations are generally favourable for vascular plants in nutrient-poor conditions. Still, non-mycorrhizal plants are common in high arctic and alpine areas, which are often poor in nitrogen and phosphorus. The relative proportion of mycorrhizal plants has been found to decrease along with increasing altitude, suggesting that the advantage of(More)
The genetic relationships among the sedges Carex aquatilis, C. paleacea, and C. recta, and C. recta and other hybrids (C. aquatilis × recta and C. paleacea × recta) were investigated. Microsatellite-based, dominant inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) fingerprinting revealed no taxon-specific variation among five investigated Carex species or hybrids, while(More)
Exploring the regional pattern of variation in traits driven by symbiotic interactions may provide insights to understand the evolutionary processes that operate over plant populations. Polyploidy, which is associated with fitness improvement, is expected to increase with latitude and altitude. However, it has never been explored in relation with the(More)
In 1949 a single plant of Musa mannii Baker, grown in Trinidad from seeds imported from Java, was incorrectly identified as Musa sanguinea Hook. f. As a consequence, the circumscription of M. mannii became confused. M. mannii is very rare or extinct in its indigenous area in Assam, India. However, it is grown in many botanic gardens worldwide. In contrast,(More)
Projected climatic warming calls for increased attention to the identification of suitable refugia for the preservation of biota and ecosystems in changing high-latitude environments. One such way is the development of models for drivers of refugia. Here, we investigate the distribution and species richness of Arctic-alpine vascular plant species’ refugia.(More)
Polyploidy and symbiotic Epichloë fungal endophytes are common and heritable characteristics that can facilitate environmental range expansion in grasses. Here we examined geographic patterns of polyploidy and the frequency of fungal endophyte colonized plants in 29 Festuca rubra L. populations from eight geographic sites across latitudes from Spain to(More)