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We have characterized a protein immunologically related to dystrophin, the protein product of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy gene. We identify this related protein as a fast-twitch glycolytic isoform (mouse extensor digitorum longus-specific) of myofibrillar alpha-actinin. This specific isoform of alpha-actinin exhibits a more restricted pattern of(More)
Hypertrophy is a fundamental adaptive process employed by postmitotic cardiac and skeletal muscle in response to mechanical load. How muscle cells convert mechanical stimuli into growth signals has been a long-standing question. Using an in vitro model of load (stretch)-induced cardiac hypertrophy, we demonstrate that mechanical stretch causes release of(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a common X-linked recessive human disease, has recently been shown to be caused by the deficiency of a large, low abundance protein called 'dystrophin'. Biochemical techniques have shown dystrophin to be membrane-associated in skeletal muscle, with enrichment of dystrophin in the t-tubules of 'triads'. Other studies using(More)
The pathogenic role of antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) remains controversial because of the difficulty in explaining how extracellular ANCA can interact with intracellular primary granule constituents. It has been postulated that cytokine priming of neutrophils (PMN), as may occur during a prodromal infection, is an important trigger for(More)
The glycosaminoglycan chains of cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans are believed to regulate cell adhesion, proliferation, and extracellular matrix assembly, through their interactions with heparin-binding proteins (for review see Ruoslahti, E. 1988. Annu. Rev. Cell Biol. 4:229-255; and Bernfield, M., R. Kokenyesi, M. Kato, M. T. Hinkes, J. Spring,(More)
We have studied the interaction of 125I-antithrombin (125I-AT) with microvascular endothelial cells (RFPEC) to localize the cellular site of anticoagulantly active heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG). The radiolabeled protease inhibitor bound specifically to the above HSPG with a Kd of approximately 50 nM. Confluent monolayer RFPEC cultures exhibited a(More)
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