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The complexation of uranyl ions with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the main component of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria, was investigated on a molecular level with U L(III)-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FT-IR) spectroscopy over a wide pH range (2.6 to 7.0). For the(More)
We investigated the interaction of UO(2)(2+) with peptidoglycan (PG), the main part of the outer membrane of Gram-positive bacteria, by potentiometric titration and time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) over a wide pH (2.0 to 9.0) and concentration range (10(-5) to 10(-4) M U(vi), 0.01 to 0.2 g L(-1) PG). With potentiometry two(More)
We have built an electron spin echo spectrometer operating at 604 GHz, extending the frequency limit of existing spectrometers by more than a factor of 4. In order to handle this high frequency we have used optical techniques, i.e., molecular gas lasers for the excitation pulses and far infrared techniques for the heterodyne detection system. The different(More)
Bacteria have a great influence on the migration behaviour of heavy metals in the environment. Lipopolysaccharides form the main part of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. We investigated the interaction of the uranyl cation (UO2(2+)) with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Pseudomonas aeruginosa by using potentiometric titration and time-resolved(More)
Bacterial cell walls have a high density of ionizable functional groups available for U(VI) binding, hence have a great potential to affect the speciation of this contaminant in the environment. The studied strain of the genus Paenibacillus is a novel isolate originating from the Mont Terri Opalinus clay formations (Switzerland) which are currently(More)
The bis(salicylhydroxamato) and bis(benzohydroxamato) complexes of UO(2)(2+) in aqueous solution have been investigated in a combined experimental and computational effort using extended X-ray absorption fine structure and UV-vis spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) techniques, respectively. The experimentally unknown bis(benzoate) complex of(More)
The influence of microorganisms on migration processes of actinides has to be taken into account for the risk assessment of potential high-level nuclear waste disposal sites. Therefore it is necessary to characterize the actinide-bacteria species formed and to elucidate the reaction mechanisms involved. This work is focused on the sulfate-reducing bacterial(More)
Microorganisms have great potential to bind and thus transport actinides in the environment. Thus microbes indigenous to designated nuclear waste disposal sites have to be investigated regarding their interaction mechanisms with soluble actinyl ions when assessing the safety of a planned repository. This paper presents results on the pH-dependent sorption(More)
The mechanism by which oxygen bound in UO2(2+) exchanges with that from water under strong alkaline conditions remains a subject of controversy. Two recent NMR studies independently revealed that the key intermediate species is a binuclear uranyl(VI) hydroxide, presumably of the stoichiometry [(UO2(OH)4(2-))(UO2(OH)5(3-))]. The presence of UO2(OH)5(3-) in(More)
The complexes of uranium(VI) with salicylhydroxamate, benzohydroxamate, and benzoate have been investigated in a combined computational and experimental study using density functional theory methods and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, respectively. The calculated molecular structures, relative stabilities, as well as excitation(More)