Henry M. Honda

Learn More
Mitochondria play a key role in determining cell fate during exposure to stress. Their role during ischemia/reperfusion is particularly critical because of the conditions that promote both apoptosis by the mitochondrial pathway and necrosis by irreversible damage to mitochondria in association with mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT). MPT is caused(More)
Mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K (mitoK(ATP)) channels play a central role in protecting the heart from injury in ischemic preconditioning. In isolated mitochondria exposed to elevated extramitochondrial Ca, P(i), and anoxia to simulate ischemic conditions, the selective mitoK(ATP) channel agonist diazoxide (25-50 microM) potently reduced mitochondrial injury(More)
Cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury results in a variable mixture of apoptotic, necrotic, and normal tissue that depends on both the duration and severity of ischemia. Injury can be abrogated by activation of protective pathways via ischemic and pharmacologic preconditioning. Mitochondria serve as final arbiters of life and death of the cell as these(More)
Mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pores have recently been implicated as a potential mediator of myocardial ischemic injury. Nitric oxide (NO) donors induce a powerful late phase of cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury; however, the cellular mechanisms involved are poorly understood. The role of MPT pores as a target of(More)
Treatment of human aortic endothelial cells (EC) with minimally oxidized LDL (or minimally modified LDL, MM-LDL) produces a specific pattern of endothelial cell activation distinct from that produced by LPS, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin-1, but similar to other agents that elevate cAMP. The current studies focus on the signal transduction(More)
Mitochondria play essential roles in cardiac pathophysiology and the murine model has been extensively used to investigate cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we characterized murine cardiac mitochondria using an LC/MS/MS approach. We extracted and purified cardiac mitochondria; validated their functionality to ensure the final preparation(More)
Previous studies from our group have demonstrated that oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (Ox-PAPC) activates over 1000 genes in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). Prominent among these are genes regulating inflammation, cholesterol homeostasis, antioxidant enzymes, and the unfolded protein response. Previous studies from(More)
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion induces mitochondrial dysfunction and, depending upon the degree of injury, may lead to cardiac cell death. However, our ability to understand mitochondrial dysfunction has been hindered by an absence of molecular markers defining the various degrees of injury. To address this paucity of knowledge, we sought to characterize(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify medical predictors of futility in recipients with laboratory Model of End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores of 40 or more at the time of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). BACKGROUND Although the survival benefit for transplant patients with the highest MELD scores is indisputable, the medical and economic effort to bring these(More)
Despite tremendous advances in cardiovascular research and clinical therapy, ischemic heart disease remains the leading cause of serious morbidity and mortality in western society and is growing in developing countries. For the past 5 decades, many scientists have studied the pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury leading to(More)