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Mitochondria play a key role in determining cell fate during exposure to stress. Their role during ischemia/reperfusion is particularly critical because of the conditions that promote both apoptosis by the mitochondrial pathway and necrosis by irreversible damage to mitochondria in association with mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT). MPT is caused(More)
Previous studies from our group have demonstrated that oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (Ox-PAPC) activates over 1000 genes in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). Prominent among these are genes regulating inflammation, cholesterol homeostasis, antioxidant enzymes, and the unfolded protein response. Previous studies from(More)
Mitochondria can serve as the arbiter of cell fate in response to stress. Mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) is characterized by permeabilization of an otherwise relatively impermeable mitochondrial inner membrane and appears to have a major role in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in myocardial infarction and stroke. After I/R, the fate of the(More)
Cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury results in a variable mixture of apoptotic, necrotic, and normal tissue that depends on both the duration and severity of ischemia. Injury can be abrogated by activation of protective pathways via ischemic and pharmacologic preconditioning. Mitochondria serve as final arbiters of life and death of the cell as these(More)
Mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pores have recently been implicated as a potential mediator of myocardial ischemic injury. Nitric oxide (NO) donors induce a powerful late phase of cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury; however, the cellular mechanisms involved are poorly understood. The role of MPT pores as a target of(More)
Mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K (mitoK(ATP)) channels play a central role in protecting the heart from injury in ischemic preconditioning. In isolated mitochondria exposed to elevated extramitochondrial Ca, P(i), and anoxia to simulate ischemic conditions, the selective mitoK(ATP) channel agonist diazoxide (25-50 microM) potently reduced mitochondrial injury(More)
Mitochondria play essential roles in cardiac pathophysiology and the murine model has been extensively used to investigate cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we characterized murine cardiac mitochondria using an LC/MS/MS approach. We extracted and purified cardiac mitochondria; validated their functionality to ensure the final preparation(More)
The effects of dietary diacylglycerol consisting of 1,3 (65.2%) and 1,2 species (32.6%) and triacylglycerol (rapeseed oil) on the serum and hepatic lipid profiles were compared in the rat. The fatty acid composition was similar between these dietary lipids. The dietary acylglycerols were added to the experimental diets so as to provide the same amounts of(More)
Treatment of human aortic endothelial cells (EC) with minimally oxidized LDL (or minimally modified LDL, MM-LDL) produces a specific pattern of endothelial cell activation distinct from that produced by LPS, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin-1, but similar to other agents that elevate cAMP. The current studies focus on the signal transduction(More)
Oxidized-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (Ox-PAPC), found in atherosclerotic lesions and other sites of chronic inflammation, activates endothelial cells (EC) to synthesize chemotactic factors, such as interleukin (IL)-8. Previously, we demonstrated that the sustained induction of IL-8 transcription by Ox-PAPC was mediated through(More)