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South Africa has the highest prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the world. The improved life expectancy, due to the recent introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), may lead to an increased health burden related to metabolic disorders, resulting in an increased pressure on health-care services. The main(More)
Mucosal uptake, mucosal transfer, and retention of a physiological dose of ferrous iron were studied in women with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA): 19 with normal and 17 with depleted bone marrow iron stores. Control subjects were 26 normal women and 20 women with uncomplicated iron deficiency. Iron absorption was measured with 59Fe as a tracer and by(More)
At least 90% of the exposure of a radiologist's crystalline lens and right hand to scattered radiation during angiography, investigated by thermoluminescent dosimetry, proves to be due to radiography during and immediately after manual injection of the contrast medium. Therefore, manual injection should be replaced by remotely controled injection by means(More)
In the history of electrocardiography the names of two physiologists stand out: Augustus Waller (1865-1922) and Willem Einthoven (1860-1927). Waller was the first to show that the beating heart produces a weak electric potential, which can be registered by a measuring device connected to electrodes attached to the skin. Einthoven developed a 'string'(More)
An estimate has been made of gamma doses to the population in the Netherlands, caused by natural radiation sources encountered in the environment. Data are given, derived from two independent types of measurement: Exposure/dose rate measurements in the living environment (private houses as well as workplaces), using a high pressure ionization chamber and(More)