Henry Gautier

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The recruitment curves of the monosynaptic Hoffmann (H) reflex and of the direct motor (M) excitation of alpha-motor fibers of the posterior popliteal nerve were studied in seven human subjects in normoxic and hypoxic conditions at sea level. The amplitude of the H and M responses were determined from the computerized full-wave rectified and integrated(More)
This review attempts to emphasize the fact that the interpretation of the ventilatory response to hypoxia may be complicated by the reduction in metabolic rate that is often associated with hypoxia. The hypoxic hypometabolism is more apparent when oxygen consumption is relatively high, either in small or young mammals at subnormal ambient temperatures or in(More)
The breathing patterns during hypoxia and hypercapnia are similar in anesthetized cats but are qualitatively different in awake cats. The differences seen in the awake animals can be explained by either the central depressive effect of hypoxia or by a specific effect of hypercapnia on supra-pontine structures. The Breuer-Hering reflex sensitivity, i.e. the(More)
In carotid body-denervated cats, moderate hypoxia, or even normoxia when compared to hyperoxia, provokes a significant depression of the respiratory output. This is observed in conscious or anesthetized or decerebrated animals. On the other hand, more severe hypoxia induces tachypnea (hypoxic tachypnea of Miller and Tenney, Respir. Physiol. 23: 31-39, 1975)(More)
The effects of intravenous administration of agonists and antagonists of dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE) on the central ventilatory response to hypoxia were studied in unanesthetized cats. The experiments were performed in intact animals exposed to CO-hypoxia and in carotid-body denervated animals breathing a hypoxic mixture. The DA agonist,(More)
In nine cats and nine human subjects anesthetized with alfaxalone, respiratory activity and tracheal pressure were recorded prior to and during occlusion of the airway at end inspiration or end expiration. Lung inflations at the end of expiration were also performed. In addition, the ventilatory pattern was analyzed during hypercapnia. The results show that(More)
In conscious newborns, the ventilatory response to hypoxia is characterized by precocious hyperventilation followed by tardive hypoventilation, the latter disappearing with age. The hypoventilation could be mainly related to a weak peripheral drive and to the persistence of the diaphragmatic activity during expiration. Also, a decrease in metabolic rate and(More)
Mechanical properties of the lung were studied in nine healthy lowlanders during a 6-day sojourn at an altitude of 3,457 m. In comparison to sea-level values, it was found at altitude that 1) lung volumes measured by plethysmography including total lung capacity, vital capacity, and functional residual capacity (FRC) presented small changes not exceeding(More)
This short Commentary has been limited to a few of several studies. They clearly indicate that the mechanisms involved in the effects of hypoxia and hyperoxia on the ventilatory control and particularly on theintegrative respiratory centres are far from being completely understood and are now believed to be more complex than what was postulated 40 years(More)