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Two benzodiazepine compounds, midazolam and diazepam, were administered as adjunctive treatment to soman-exposed rhesus monkeys to evaluate their effects on acute soman intoxication. Monkeys were pretreated orally with pyridostigmine, exposed to soman, and treated i.m. with atropine, pralidoxime chloride (2-PAM), and with midazolam, diazepam or sterile(More)
Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (3.1 oil) is a nonflammable hydraulic fluid composed of chlorotrifluoroethylene (CTFE) oligomers of different carbon chain lengths (C5 to C9), primarily six (trimer) and eight (tetramer) carbons. Four test groups of Fischer 344 rats (16 rats/group) were orally gavaged daily over a 2-week period at doses of 1.25 g/kg with 3.1 oil(More)
We describe and discuss microscopic findings in the brown adipose tissue (BAT) blood vessels of Han Wistar rats treated with GI262570X, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonist (PPAR-gamma agonist) by oral gavage for 28 days, 13 weeks, 27 weeks, and 2 years. Review of these studies revealed a consistent vascular change, consisting of(More)
A prospective study was conducted to identify the viruses causing respiratory diseases in unconditioned, random-source dogs. During the quarantine period, respiratory disease occurred in 86 of 167 (52%) dogs, and 34 (21%) died. Most affected dogs had a distemper-like illness which required extensive and prolonged care. Histopathologic studies confirmed the(More)
C8 polychlorotrifluoroethylene (pCTFE) oligomers accumulate preferentially in the liver during long-term oral exposure and appear to be more hepatotoxic than C6 oligomers. A repeated-dose gavage study was initiated to determine the relative contributions of the corresponding C6 (trimer) and C8 (tetramer) acid metabolites to the toxicity of pCTFE in the male(More)
A full assessment of all heart valves in rats and mice is often impractical and is usually not performed in routine toxicity studies, largely due to an inevitable inconsistency of histological sampling. The majority of reported heart valve changes involve the examination of a single, semirandom section through the heart and the valvulopathy occurring with(More)
This study was conducted as part of the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) program to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of clofibrate, a nongenotoxic, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonist following oral administration to Tg.AC (transgenic) and wild-type FVB (nontransgenic) mice for a minimum for 6 months. Clofibrate(More)
5-Hydroxytryptamine-2B receptor (5HT2BR) stimulation is known to cause fibroblast mitogenesis, and the mitogenic effect has been proposed to trigger valvular heart disease in humans. In this study, we used real-time polymerase chain reaction (TaqMan) to quantify transcript levels of 5HT2B, 5HT2C, and 5HT1B receptors and immunohistochemistry (IHC) to detect(More)
This study was conducted as part of the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) Alternatives to Carcinogenicity Testing program and evaluated the carcinogenic potential of clofibrate, a nongenotoxic, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonist following dermal application to transgenic Tg.AC and nontransgenic FVB mice for a minimum(More)
Klebsiella pneumoniae was isolated from lesions in 2 dead and 82 ill animals in a breeding colony of 2300 Wistar rats. The clinical signs were unilaterial and bilateral fluctuating masses in the cervical and inguinal areas, and focal cutaneous ulcers in the ventral neck. Cervical and inguinal lymphadenitis with abscess formation were found on microscopic(More)