Henry G. Thomas

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Melanoma growth stimulatory activity (MGSA) is an acid and heat stable, auto-stimulatory growth factor which was first isolated from culture medium conditioned by the Hs294T human melanoma cell line. In this report, we describe the purification of MGSA from acid ethanol extracts of Hs294T tumors grown in nude mice using a series of Bio-Gel P30, reverse(More)
Melanoma growth stimulatory activity (MGSA) is a mitogenic polypeptide secreted by Hs294T human melanoma cells. Comparison of the N-terminal sequences of the 13 and 16 kd MGSA species with the cDNA sequence revealed that the mature form of human MGSA is maximally 73 amino acids long. Expression of the cDNA in mammalian cells results in the secretion of this(More)
The Hs0294 human malignant melanoma cell line produces a monolayer mitogen that stimulates the serum free growth of low-density cultures of Hs0294 cells. This report describes the purification of that mitogen, termed MGSA for melanoma growth stimulatory activity, from serum-free conditioned medium from the Hs0294 cultures. MGSA has been purified from acetic(More)
Melanoma growth stimulatory activity (MGSA) is a mitogenic protein secreted by Hs294T melanoma cells that corresponds to the polypeptide encoded by the human gro gene. The MGSA/gro cDNA has been expressed in mammalian cells and the secreted recombinant factor has been purified. Biochemical and biological characterization shows that the recombinant protein(More)
Autostimulatory growth factors may contribute to the ability of malignant cells to escape normal growth controls. We have previously shown that Hs0294 human malignant melanoma cells release into culture medium an acid-soluble, heat-stable, trypsin-sensitive, autostimulatory monolayer mitogen which can be purified from acetic acid extracts of conditioned(More)
We report three experiments which show that the hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenyl acetate catalyzed by carbonic anhydrase III from bovine skeletal muscle occurs at a site on the enzyme different than the active site for CO2 hydration. This is in contrast with isozymes I and II of carbonic anhydrase for which the sites of 4-nitrophenyl acetate hydrolysis and CO2(More)
Sociality in mole rats has been suggested to have evolved as a response to the widely dispersed food resources and the limited burrowing opportunities that result from sporadic rainfall events. In the most arid regions, individual foraging efficiency is reduced, and energetic constraints increase. In this study, we investigate seasonal differences in burrow(More)
Melanoma growth stimulatory activity (MGSA) is an endogenous growth factor produced by human malignant melanoma cells. When purified from conditioned medium from the Hs0294 human melanoma cell line, MGSA has been shown to be most reproducibly associated with a 16 kDa acid and heat stable moiety which is sensitive to trypsin and dithiothreitol. Monoclonal(More)
The human melanoma growth-stimulatory activities (MGSA alpha, beta, gamma/GRO) are products of immediate early genes coding for cytokines that exhibit sequence similarity to platelet factor-4 and beta-thromboglobulin. MGSA/GRO alpha has been demonstrated to partially complete for binding to the approximately 58-kDa neutrophil receptor for another(More)