Henry G. F. Smienk

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INTENTION, GOAL, SCOPE, BACKGROUND Cyanobacteria have the natural ability to degrade moderate amounts of organic pollutants. However, when pollutant concentration exceeds the level of tolerance, bleaching of the cells and death occur within 24 hours. Under stress conditions, cyanobacterial response includes the short-term adaptation of the photosynthetic(More)
A phosphatase inhibition assay for detection of okadaic acid (OA) toxins in shellfish, OkaTest, was single laboratory validated according to international recognized guidelines (AOAC, EURACHEM). Special emphasis was placed on the ruggedness of the method and stability of the components. All reagents were stable for more than 6 months and the method was(More)
An interlaboratory collaborative study to validate a colorimetric phosphatase inhibition assay for quantitative determination of the okadaic acid (OA) toxins group in molluscs, OkaTest, was conducted. Eight test materials, including mussels, scallops, clams, and cockles, were analyzed as blind duplicates. Blank samples and materials containing different OA(More)
The Novozym 435(R) catalyzed esterification and hydrolysis reactions of 4-methyloctanoic acid (ethyl ester) were investigated. In both the hydrolysis and esterification reactions, the increase of ethanol concentration led to an increase in enantiomeric ratio (E). For hydrolysis of the ethyl ester, the E-value increased from 5.5 [0% (v/v) EtOH] up to 12 [20%(More)
Microcystins are toxins produced by some strains of cyanobacteria. Several methods have been developed to allow the quantification of microcystins, which are mainly endotoxins. Among those methods, the protein phosphatase inhibition assay is a good candidate as a screening method because of its sensitivity, simplicity and specificity. In this work a method(More)
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