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The nature and value of various animal models of epilepsy for the study and understanding of the human epilepsies are reviewed, with special reference to the ILAE classification of seizures. Kindling as a model of complex-partial seizures with secondary generalisation is treated in detail, dwelling principally on the evidence that the neurotransmitters(More)
This study examined the influence of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on the basal and depolarisation-induced release of the neurotransmitters GABA, dopamine and serotonin from rat striatal brain slices in vitro. BDNF potentiated the potassium or veratrine-stimulated release of GABA, dopamine and serotonin. This potentiation was shown to be(More)
The tissue content and the interstitial fluid levels of glutamate, aspartate, GABA, glutamine, glycine, and serine were studied in amygdaloid-kindled rat brain. Interstitial levels were studied in vivo before and during stage 5 full limbic seizures using microdialysis. Slices of amygdala from kindled and sham-operated animals were used to study baseline and(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been shown to increase the survival of dopaminergic neurons in rodent mesencephalic cultures. The mRNAs of BDNF and trkB receptor have been found to be expressed in the substantia nigra of rat. In this study, the action of BDNF was studied on the survival and transmitter-specific differentiation of dopaminergic(More)
The glutamate (and aspartate) uptake blocker threo-3-hydroxyaspartate (20 microM) was added to superfusion fluids employed for in vivo microdialysis of corpus striatum, and to incubation medium for striatal slices (5 microM). In vivo it caused an increase in glutamate and aspartate concentrations in the superfusion fluid. In vitro it caused increases in the(More)
The anticonvulsant effects of intracerebral administration of the highly potent group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, DCG-IV, were tested in fully kindled rats following daily electrical stimulation of the basolateral amygdala. The agonist caused a dose-dependent increase in the generalized seizure threshold (GST) of these seizure susceptible(More)
To begin to identify novel protein(s) that acts on nigral dopaminergic (DA) neurons, we characterized trophic effects of DA-depleted striatum on survival of fetal DA neurons in the present study. Treatment of ventral mesencephalic cultures with the striatal extracts delayed DA cell death in a dose-dependent manner. This effect was partially dependent on(More)
The effects of intracerebral administration of the group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, 2R,4R-APDC, were tested on both the development of amygdaloid kindling and on fully developed stage 5 amygdala kindled seizures. The development of amygdaloid kindling was significantly retarded in 2R,4R-APDC (10 nmol in 0.5 microl) treated animals compared(More)