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The large GTPase dynamin is essential for clathrin-dependent coated-vesicle formation. Dynasore is a cell-permeable small molecule that inhibits the GTPase activity of dynamin1, dynamin2 and Drp1, the mitochondrial dynamin. Dynasore was discovered in a screen of approximately 16,000 compounds for inhibitors of the dynamin2 GTPase. Dynasore is a(More)
Super-enhancers (SEs), which are composed of large clusters of enhancers densely loaded with the Mediator complex, transcription factors and chromatin regulators, drive high expression of genes implicated in cell identity and disease, such as lineage-controlling transcription factors and oncogenes. BRD4 and CDK7 are positive regulators of SE-mediated(More)
Cyclic AMP- (cAMP) and calcium-dependent agonists stimulate chloride secretion through the coordinated activation of distinct apical and basolateral membrane channels and ion transporters in mucosal epithelial cells. Defects in the regulation of Cl- transport across mucosal surfaces occur with cystic fibrosis and V. cholerae infection and can be life(More)
Inspired by the usefulness of small molecules to study membrane traffic, we used high-throughput synthesis and phenotypic screening to discover secramine, a molecule that inhibits membrane traffic out of the Golgi apparatus by an unknown mechanism. We report here that secramine inhibits activation of the Rho GTPase Cdc42, a protein involved in membrane(More)
Discover Galanthamine-Like Molecules with Biological Properties beyond Those of the Natural Product Henry E. Pelish,1,2 Nicholas J. Westwood,1,2 Yan Feng,2 Tomas Kirchhausen,2,3 and Matthew D. Shair*,1,2 Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology HarVard UniVersity, Cambridge Massachusetts 02138 Institute of Chemistry and Cell Biology Department of Cell(More)
Identification of small-molecule targets remains an important challenge for chemical genetics. We report an approach for target identification and protein discovery based on functional suppression of chemical inhibition in vitro. We discovered pirl1, an inhibitor of actin assembly, in a screen conducted with cytoplasmic extracts. Pirl1 was used to partially(More)
The synthesis and use of an alkylsilyl-tethered large (500-600 microm) polystyrene resin (1) are disclosed. An optimized Suzuki coupling of bromine-functionalized polystyrene and a silicon-functionalized alkylborane generates the silicon-substituted polystyrene 1 in large scale (>100 g). Resin loading is accomplished by activation as the silyl triflate,(More)
Cortistatin A (CA) is a highly selective inhibitor of the Mediator kinases CDK8 and CDK19. Using CA, we now report a large-scale identification of Mediator kinase substrates in human cells (HCT116). We identified over 16,000 quantified phosphosites including 78 high-confidence Mediator kinase targets within 64 proteins, including DNA-binding transcription(More)
The natural product austocystin D was identified as a potent cytotoxic agent with in vivo antitumor activity and selectivity for cells expressing the multidrug resistance transporter MDR1. We sought to elucidate the mechanism of austocystin D's selective cytotoxic activity. Here we show that the selective cytotoxic action of austocystin D arises from its(More)