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Activation of the Ras-MAPK signal transduction pathway is necessary for biological responses both to growth factors and ECM. Here, we provide evidence that phosphorylation of S298 of MAPK kinase 1 (MEK1) by p21-activated kinase (PAK) is a site of convergence for integrin and growth factor signaling. We find that adhesion to fibronectin induces(More)
Title: LY2606368 causes replication catastrophe and anti-tumor effects through CHK1-dependent mechanisms Authors: Constance King, H. Bruce Diaz, Samuel McNeely, Darlene Barnard, Jack Dempsey, Wayne Blosser, Richard Beckmann, David Barda and Mark S. Marshall 1 Oncology Discovery Research, Lilly Research Laboratories, Lilly Corporate Center, Eli Lilly and(More)
Interference with DNA damage checkpoints has been demonstrated preclinically to be a highly effective means of increasing the cytotoxicity of a number of DNA-damaging cancer therapies. Cell cycle arrest at these checkpoints protects injured cells from apoptotic cell death until DNA damage can be repaired. In the absence of functioning DNA damage(More)
LY2603618 is an inhibitor of checkpoint kinase 1 (CHK1), an important regulator of the DNA damage checkpoints. Preclinical experiments analyzed NCI-H2122 and NCI-H441 NSCLC cell lines and in vitro/in vivo models treated with pemetrexed and LY2603618 to provide rationale for evaluating this combination in a clinical setting. Combination treatment of(More)
CHK1 is a multifunctional protein kinase integral to both the cellular response to DNA damage and control of the number of active replication forks. CHK1 inhibitors are currently under investigation as chemopotentiating agents due to CHK1's role in establishing DNA damage checkpoints in the cell cycle. Here, we describe the characterization of a novel CHK1(More)
CHK1 is a multifunctional protein kinase integral to both the cellular response to DNA damage and control of the number of active replication forks. CHK1 inhibitors are currently under investigation as chemopotentiating agents due to CHK1's role in establishing DNA damage checkpoints in the cell cycle. Here, we describe the characterization of a novel CHK1(More)
Pharmacological inhibition of CHK1 in the absence of p53 functionality leads to abrogation of the S and G2/M DNA damage checkpoints. We report the preclinical therapeutic activity of LY2603618 (CHK1 inhibitor) at inhibiting CHK1 activation by gemcitabine and enhancing in vivo efficacy. The in vivo biochemical effects of CHK1 inhibition in the absence or(More)
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