Henry D. Hunt

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The resolution of genes that determine resistance to disease is described using chicken lines maintained at the Avian Disease and Oncology Laboratory (ADOL). This description includes a summary 1) of existing selected and inbred lines differing for resistance to viral-induced tumors, i.e., Marek's disease (MD) and lymphoid leukosis (LL), and of the use of(More)
The molecular organization of the chicken major histocompatibility complex (B complex) is different from its mammalian counterparts (Guillemot et al. 1988). In contrast to the mammalian MHC, the B complex appears more compact with shorter distances occurring between class I (B-F) and class II (B-L) genes. The six class I (B-FI-VI) and five class II (B-LI-V)(More)
 We analyzed the polymorphic nature of eleven alleles expressed by the major class I locus (B-FIV) in chickens. Similar to mammalian class I loci, the nucleotide substitutions with high variability occur in exons 2 and 3 encoding the α1 and α2 domains. However, the nonsynonymous to synonymous ratio of nucleotide substitutions in exon 3 encoding the α helix(More)
Transcriptionally active, MHC class I (MHCI) loci are located in two separate polymorphic genomic regions in the chicken called B and Y. The YMHCI gene sequences encode molecules with uncommon substitutions in the antigen-binding region indicating that YMHCI molecules are likely unique and may bind a specialized form of antigen distinct from that of other(More)
Infection of chicken cells with three Marek's disease virus (MDV) serotypes interferes with expression of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC or B complex) class I (BF) glycoproteins. BF surface expression is blocked after infection of OU2 cells with MDV serotypes 1, 2, and 3. MDV-induced T-cell tumors suffer a nearly complete loss of cell surface BF(More)
 cDNA was obtained from the bursae of Fabricius of chickens from six B-congenic lines developed at this laboratory and studied for expression of class II B-LB genes. Following cDNA amplification, cloning and sequencing, genes were assigned to B-LB loci based on characteristic DNA sequences, amino acid relatedness to characterized genes, and level of(More)
Chemokines induce chemotaxis, cell migration, and inflammatory responses. We report the identification of an interleukin-8 (IL-8) homolog, termed vIL-8, encoded within the genome of Marek's disease virus (MDV). The 134-amino-acid vIL-8 shares closest homology to mammalian and avian IL-8, molecules representing the prototype CXC chemokine. The gene for vIL-8(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a promising antiviral methodology. We recently demonstrated that retroviral vectors expressing short-hairpin RNAs (shRNA-mirs) in the context of a modified endogenous micro-RNA (miRNA) can be effective in reducing replication of other retroviruses in chicken cells. In this study, similar RNAi vectors are shown to inhibit(More)
Similarities between the physical structures of avian and mammalian major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I glycoproteins have been proposed based on comparative alignment of their amino acid sequences. To investigate the physical structure of the chicken class I glycoprotein, we cloned the cDNA representing the BFIV locus of the B21 haplotype. A(More)