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Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction from serial sections allows identification of objects of interest in 3D and clarifies the relationship among these objects. 3D_Viewer, developed in our laboratory for this purpose, has four major functions: image alignment, movie frame production, movie viewing, and shift-overlay image generation. Color images captured(More)
We have isolated several cDNA's complementary to gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) mRNA by screening a rat kidney library constructed in lambda gtll with antibodies specifically reactive to the enzyme protein. The clone selected an mRNA that was translated into a 62 Kd peptide, corresponding to the GGT precursor. The longest clone isolated was 1842 bp long(More)
A combination of experimental and simulation approaches were used to analyze the clonal growth of preneoplastic, enzyme-altered foci during liver carcinogenesis in an initiation-promotion regimen. Male Fisher 344 rats, 8 weeks of age, were initiated with a single dose (200 mg/kg, i.p.) of diethylnitrosamine (DEN). Beginning 2 weeks later, animals were(More)
PURPOSE This Phase I study was undertaken to define the toxicity, pharmacodynamics, and maximum tolerated dose of the combination of R115777, a farnesyl transferase inhibitor, with gemcitabine and cisplatin in patients with advanced solid tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty patients with solid tumors received a median of 2.5 cycles (range 1-30+) through(More)
We set out to better understand the signal transduction pathways that mediate liver tumor promotion by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxn ("dioxin"). To this end, we first employed congenic mice homozygous for either the Ahr(b1) or Ahr(d) alleles (encoding an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) with high or low binding affinity for dioxin, respectively) and(More)
In order to test the potential of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) as a promoter of hepatocarcinogenesis, rats which had received a single 10-mg/kg dose of diethylnitrosamine (DEN) following partial hepatectomy were given TCDD (0.14 and 1.4 micrograms/kg s.c. once every 2 weeks) for 7 months. Animals which received (a) only a single initiating(More)
The mathematical science of quantitative stereology has established relationships for the quantitation of elements in three-dimensional space from observations on two-dimensional planes. This report describes the utilization and importance of such mathematical relationships for the quantitative analysis of focal hepatic lesions in terms relative to the(More)
PURPOSE 17-Allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) is a benzoquinone ansamycin antibiotic with antiproliferative activity in several mouse xenograft models, including prostate cancer models. A two-stage phase II study was conducted to assess the activity and toxicity profile of 17-AAG administered to patients with metastatic, hormone-refractory(More)