Henry C McDade

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We identified a homologue of the alternative oxidase gene in a screen to identify genes that are preferentially transcribed in response to a shift to 37 degrees C in the human-pathogenic yeast Cryptococcus neoformans. Alternative oxidases are nucleus-encoded mitochondrial proteins that have two putative roles: they can function in parallel with the classic(More)
The human pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans secretes a phospholipase enzyme that demonstrates phospholipase B (PLB), lysophospholipase hydrolase and lysophospholipase transacylase activities. This enzyme has been postulated to be a cryptococcal virulence factor. We cloned a phospholipase-encoding gene (PLB1) from C. neoformans and constructed plb1(More)
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an enzyme that converts superoxide radicals into hydrogen peroxide and molecular oxygen and has been shown to contribute to the virulence of many human-pathogenic bacteria through its ability to neutralize toxic levels of reactive oxygen species generated by the host. SOD has also been speculated to be important in the(More)
The ability of Cryptococcus neoformans to synthesize polymerized melanin in vitro has been associated with virulence, but it is unclear whether this fungus synthesizes polymerized melanin during infection. To study this question, we used two approaches: one involved the generation of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to melanin for use in immunohistochemical(More)
Antisense repression was used as a method to alter gene function in the human-pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans. The calcineurin A gene (CNA1) and the laccase gene (LAC1) were targeted since disruption of these loci results in phenotypes that are easy to screen (temperature sensitivity and lack of melanin, respectively). Serotype D yeasts were(More)
Cryptococcus neoformans is an excellent model system for studies on the molecular pathogenesis of fungal infections. There is only one dominant selectable market that can be used in the transformation of this organism, and we wanted to develop another. We found that various strains of C. neoformans are very sensitive to the aminoglycoside antibiotic(More)
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