Henrique Rigatto

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We studied patterns of oscillatory neural activity in the network that generates respiratory rhythm in mammals. When isolated in vitro, this network spontaneously generates an inspiratory-related motor rhythm, with stable amplitude from cycle to cycle. We show that progressively elevating neuronal excitability in vitro causes periodic modulation of this(More)
Ten preterm infants (birth weight 0.970 to 2.495 kg) with apnea due to periodic breathing (apneic interval = 5 to 10 seconds) or with "serious apnea" (greater than or equal to 20 seconds) were studied before and after the administration of theophylline. We determined the incidence of apnea, respiratory minute volume, alveolar gases, arterial gases and pH,(More)
In a large multicentered, collaborative randomized and blinded trial utilizing antenatal corticosteroids, the goals included determining the effectiveness of these agents in accelerating lung maturation, as well as monitoring any short-term or long-term adverse effects of this treatment on the parturient, fetus, and/or infant. More than 100 specific items,(More)
To determine 1) the effect of arterial CO2 change on the neonatal cerebral circulation and 2) whether 100% O2 would produce significant decrease in cerebral blood flow (CBF), we studied 24 preterm infants to explain the late (5 min) hyperventilation observed in them during hyperoxia. Of these, 12 were studied before and during inhalation of 2-3% CO2 and 12(More)
Periodic breathing and apnea are common in neonates, yet the physiological mechanisms involved are not clear. A low arterial PO2 might magnify peripheral chemoreceptor contribution to breathing, with its baseline variability inducing major changes in ventilation, leading to instability of the respiratory control system. We hypothesized that neonates: (1)(More)
We describe an unusual infant with the diagnosis of alveolar capillary dysplasia who had a relatively prolonged life without extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). We have used this case as a springboard for a thorough review of the literature. This was a full-term female infant who presented with a picture of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the(More)
We hypothesized that infants recovering from severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia have airway constriction that is, at least in part, related to borderline hypoxia. If this hypothesis were correct, pulmonary resistance should decrease with the administration of oxygen. To test this hypothesis, we studied 10 infants recovering from severe bronchopulmonary(More)