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The epidemiology of malaria in 2 riverine localities in Rondĵnia, Brazilian western Amazĵnia, was assessed by a 1-year study at Portuchuelo, and a cross-sectional survey at riverine communities at Rio Machado (= Ji-Parana). Plasmodium spp. infections were diagnosed by light microscopy and by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of ribosomal DNA.(More)
A longitudinal epidemiologic survey (1989-1991) plus a cross-sectional parasitologic, clinical, and sociodemographic survey (July-October 1990) were conducted in Candeias do Jamary, a village with approximately 7,000 inhabitants in Rondonia, Brazil. Analysis of the results revealed hypoendemic malaria with a complex epidemiology. Plasmodium vivax(More)
A longitudinal study was conducted from January 1991 to January 1992 on the Urupa farm, a rural agro-industrial forestry settlement in Rondonia state (Western Amazon Region, Brazil) to define the parasitologic and clinical profile of malaria. Three cross-sectional, parasitologic, and clinical surveys were performed. In the intervals between surveys, malaria(More)
Levels of the serum opsonin mannan-binding lectin (MBL) were directly correlated with the probability of developing visceral leishmaniasis. Monocytes infected with MBL-opsonized Leishmania chagasi promastigotes secreted higher levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-6 than cells infected with nonopsonized parasites. Our findings indicate that(More)
Following early graft failure in some patients during routine use of the internal mammary artery in coronary bypass surgery, a thermal coronary angiography technique was used for direct intraoperative control of internal mammary artery graft patency. This non-invasive method allows the evaluation of graft patency, anastomotic integrity and initial flow(More)
We tested two Trypanosoma cruzi recombinant antigens in a diagnostic test for Chagas' disease. These antigens were a cytoplasmic repetitive antigen (CRA) and a flagellar repetitive antigen (FRA). The results indicate that the recombinant antigens give better results when used in combination than when used separately, and that the removal of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Early graft failure is often associated with technical failures and is therefore potentially avoidable. We used thermal coronary angiography (TCA) for intraoperative graft patency control in 370 patients undergoing routine coronary artery bypass graft surgery to determine whether consequent intraoperative bypass graft control(More)