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Aging and physiological androgen decay leads to structural changes in corpus cavernosum (CC) that associate with erectile function impairment. There is evidence that such changes relate to nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, an endothelial compound produced by the action of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), and is regulated by sirtuin-1 (Sirt1), a(More)
High-fat (HF) diet regular intake along life highly contributes to vascular dysfunction and to an increment in prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and erectile dysfunction (ED), a surrogate symptom of occult vascular disease, in the elderly. However, little is known about the effects of energy restriction (ER) alone/or after an HF-feeding period. We(More)
Human diploid fibroblasts (HDFs) exposed to subcytotoxic concentrations of oxidative or stressful agents, such as hydrogen peroxide, tert-butylhydroperoxide, or ethanol, undergo stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS). This condition is characterized by the appearance of replicative senescence biomarkers such as irreversible growth arrest, increase in(More)
Melanocortin 5 receptor (MC5R) is a G protein coupled receptor (GPCR) with high affinity for alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH). To unravel some of the downstream cell-signaling pathways activated by this receptor, HEK293 cells were transiently and stably transfected with a vector encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged MC5R. In these(More)
The objective of this work was to compare Doppler flows pulsatility index (PI) and resistance indexes (RI) of uterine and internal iliac arteries during pregnancy in low risk women and in those with stage-1 essential hypertension. From January 2010 and December 2012, a longitudinal and prospective study was carried out in 103 singleton uneventful(More)
The Melanocortin 5 receptor (MC5R) is a G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) that exhibits high affinity for α-MSH. Here we present evidence for MC5R-GFP internalization and subsequent recycling to cell surface, in α-MSH-stimulated HeLa cells. This melanocortin induces a biphasic activation of ERK1/2 with an early peak at 15min, a G(i)-protein driven,(More)
Long-term consumption of high-fat diets negatively interferes with metabolic status and promotes endothelial dysfunction and inflammation. In the cavernous tissue, these outcomes become conspicuous in the elderly and strongly affect penile erection, a vascular process highly dependent on local nitric oxide bioavailability. Although epidemiological data(More)
Blood flow assessment employing Doppler techniques is a useful procedure in pregnancy evaluation, as it may predict pregnancy disorders coursing with increased uterine vascular impedance, as pre-eclampsia. While the local causes are unknown, emphasis has been put on reactive oxygen species (ROS) excessive production. As NADPH oxidase (NOX) is a ROS(More)
BACKGROUND Being overweight is associated with both higher systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) during pregnancy and increased risk of gestational hypertensive disorders. The objective of this study was to determine and quantify the effect of body mass index (BMI) on mean arterial pressure (MAP) at several time points throughout(More)