Henrik Vibe Scheller

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Photosynthesis in plants involves two photosystems responsible for converting light energy into redox processes. The photosystems, PSI and PSII, operate largely in series, and therefore their excitation must be balanced in order to optimize photosynthetic performance. When plants are exposed to illumination favouring either PSII or PSI they can redistribute(More)
Vascular plants appeared ~410 million years ago, then diverged into several lineages of which only two survive: the euphyllophytes (ferns and seed plants) and the lycophytes. We report here the genome sequence of the lycophyte Selaginella moellendorffii (Selaginella), the first nonseed vascular plant genome reported. By comparing gene content in(More)
Light-induced damage to photosystem I (PSI) was studied during low-light illumination of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) at chilling temperatures. A 4-h illumination period induced a significant inactivation of PSI electron transport activity. Flash-induced P700 absorption decay measurements revealed progressive damage to (a) the iron-sulfur clusters FA and FB,(More)
The efficiency of two biomass pretreatment technologies, dilute acid hydrolysis and dissolution in an ionic liquid, are compared in terms of delignification, saccharification efficiency and saccharide yields with switchgrass serving as a model bioenergy crop. When subject to ionic liquid pretreatment (dissolution and precipitation of cellulose by(More)
PSI-K is a subunit of photosystem I. The function of PSI-K was characterized in Arabidopsis plants transformed with a psaK cDNA in antisense orientation, and several lines without detectable PSI-K protein were identified. Plants without PSI-K have a 19% higher chlorophyll a/b ratio and 19% more P700 than wild-type plants. Thus, plants without PSI-K(More)
Photosynthesis in plants involves photosystem I and photosystem II, both of which use light energy to drive redox processes. Plants can balance the distribution of absorbed light energy between the two photosystems. When photosystem II is favoured, a mobile pool of light harvesting complex II moves from photosystem II to photosystem I. This short-term and(More)
CHL27, the Arabidopsis homologue to Chlamydomonas Crd1, a plastid-localized putative diiron protein, is required for the synthesis of protochlorophyllide and therefore is a candidate subunit of the aerobic cyclase in chlorophyll biosynthesis. delta-Aminolevulinic acid-fed antisense Arabidopsis plants with reduced amounts of Crd1/CHL27 accumulate(More)
Hemicelluloses are polysaccharides in plant cell walls that have beta-(1-->4)-linked backbones with an equatorial configuration. Hemicelluloses include xyloglucans, xylans, mannans and glucomannans, and beta-(1-->3,1-->4)-glucans. These types of hemicelluloses are present in the cell walls of all terrestrial plants, except for beta-(1-->3,1-->4)-glucans,(More)
Chilling-induced photoinhibition and subsequent recovery was studied in Arabidopsis thaliana exposed to 4 degrees C and 150 micromol photons m(-2) s(-1). PSII showed progressive damage with a 14% decrease in quantum yield after 8 h exposure. In contrast, the damage to PSI leveled off after 8 h with a decrease in in vitro NADP+ photoreduction activity of(More)
Exposure of Arabidopsis thaliana plants to high levels of light revealed specific phosphorylation of a 40 kDa protein in photosynthetic thylakoid membranes. The protein was identified by MS as extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaS), previously reported to be located in the plasma membrane. By confocal laser scanning microscopy and subcellular(More)