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Monospecific antibodies to mouse epidermal keratins were generated in rabbits and guinea pigs by injecting synthetic peptides of unique keratin sequences. The sequences were deduced from nucleotide sequences of cDNA clones representing basal (K14) and suprabasal (K1 and K10) cell-specific and hyperproliferative (K6) keratins of both the type-I and type-II(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND, AIMS, AND PATIENTS: In a prospective follow up and intervention study of colorectal polyps, leaving all polyps less than 10 mm in situ for three years, analysis of redetection rate, growth, and new polyp formation was carried out in 116 patients undergoing annual colonoscopy. The findings in relation to growth and new polyp formation(More)
The hepatocellular binucleation rate, measured as the percentage of binuclear cells amongst newly formed bromodeoxyuridine-labelled and immunostained collagenase-isolated rat hepatocytes, decreased from 12% to 4% between days 30 and 40 after birth, rose to 20% between days 50 and 60, and then declined again to the adult rate of about 10% at day 80. During(More)
The tumour promoter 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) causes changes in epidermal protein expression, especially in the major differentiation products keratins K1 and K10. These keratins and filaggrin were studied in a pulse-labelled cell cohort in hairless mouse epidermis stimulated to proliferate by TPA or the hyperplasiogen cantharidin. Cells(More)
The GABA transporters (GAT1, GAT2, GAT3, and BGT1) have mostly been discussed in relation to their potential roles in controlling the action of transmitter GABA in the nervous system. We have generated the first mice lacking the GAT2 (slc6a13) gene. Deletion of GAT2 (both mRNA and protein) neither affected growth, fertility, nor life span under(More)
We investigated the ability of endocytosed activated epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) to induce expression of the cyclin-interacting protein p21/CIP1 in A431 cells. Transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha) and EGF both induced tyrosine phosphorylation, induction of p21/CIP1, and thereby inhibition of DNA synthesis. TGFalpha is released from the(More)
Bronchiolar Clara cells and alveolar type 2 cells of the lung are known to express relatively high levels of P450 enzymes compared to other pulmonary cells. Populations of enriched type 2 cells and Clara cells were isolated from rat lung by a procedure including lung perfusion, protease digestion, centrifugal elutriation, and differential attachment.(More)
We have compared the activation and trafficking of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) induced by UV light and EGF. Tyrosine phosphorylation of EGFR was not detected in UV-exposed cells by immunoblotting of whole cell lysates or EGFR immunoprecipitates with antibodies specific for each of the five activated autophosphorylation sites of EGFR. In(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in tissue damage causing primary hepatic dysfunction following ischemia/reperfusion injury and during inflammatory liver diseases. A potential role of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) as a mediator of survival signals during oxidative stress was investigated in primary cultures of hepatocytes exposed(More)
Transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) are strong hepatocyte mitogens and important regulators of liver regeneration. The TGF-alpha receptor EGFr appears primarily to mediate a proliferative signal, whereas mitogenic, motogenic, and morphogenic effects have been attributed to activation of the HGF receptor Met. We(More)