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Intrinsic antioxidant defenses are important for neuronal longevity. We found that in rat neurons, synaptic activity, acting via NMDA receptor (NMDAR) signaling, boosted antioxidant defenses by making changes to the thioredoxin-peroxiredoxin (Prx) system. Synaptic activity enhanced thioredoxin activity, facilitated the reduction of overoxidized Prxs and(More)
PURPOSE A multicenter randomized and balanced double-blind trial with the objective of assessing the efficacy and tolerance of nimorazole given as a hypoxic radiosensitizer in conjunction with primary radiotherapy of invasive carcinoma of the supraglottic larynx and pharynx. PATIENTS AND TREATMENT Between January 1986 and September 1990, 422 patients (414(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of gemcitabine, a pyrimidine antimetabolite with activity against solid tumours. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eighty-two patients with unresectable stage IIIa to IV non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were entered. The first 54 patients received gemcitabine 800 mg/m2, and subsequent patients 1,000 mg/m2, as a 30-minute(More)
PURPOSE A phase I study with topotecan (SKF 104864-A, NSC 609699), a semisynthetic analog of camptothecin, was performed using a daily-times-5 regimen, given i.v. q 3 weeks, to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and toxicities of the compound. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of a solid tumor no longer amenable to(More)
The first clinical case of a patient with the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) was presented by Schwartz et al. in 1957 (Am J Med 1957; 23: 529-42), describing two patients with lung cancer who developed hyponatraemia associated with continued urinary sodium loss. They postulated that the tumours led to the inappropriate(More)
N-acyl-ethanolamine phospholipids (NAPE) can be formed as a stress response during neuronal injury, and they are precursors for N-acyl-ethanolamines (NAE), some of which are endocannabinoids. The levels of NAPE accumulated during post-decapitative ischemia (6 h at 37 degrees C) were studied in rat brains of various age (1, 6, 12, 19, 30, and approximately(More)
PURPOSE To describe in patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) the characteristics of those who survive for > or = 5 years, to identify long-term prognostic factors, to analyze survival data of 5-year survivors, and to study 10-year survival in patients entered before 1981. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 1,714 unselected patients with SCLC were(More)
Mammalian phospholipase D (PLD) activity becomes up-regulated when cells are stimulated by a variety of hormones, growth factors, and other extracellular signals. Two distinct PLDs, PLD1 and PLD2, have been identified. The mechanism through which each PLD is activated, however, is poorly understood. Using transiently transfected human embryonic kidney(More)
PURPOSE This study focuses on the clinical characteristics of patients with osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the jaws and on the relation between the extent of the ORN and the field of irradiation. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study group consisted of 80 patients referred for treatment of ORN. Charts of the extent of ORN, based on panoramic radiographs, were drawn(More)