Learn More
BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a rare pharmacogenetic disorder which is characterized by life-threatening metabolic crises during general anesthesia. Classical triggering substances are volatile anesthetics and succinylcholine (SCh). The molecular basis of MH is excessive release of Ca2+ in skeletal muscle principally by a mutated ryanodine(More)
In this article, we analyze myopathies with cores, for which an association to malignant hyperthermia (MH) has been suggested. We discuss the clinical features, the underlying genetic defects, subsequent effects on cellular calcium metabolism, and in vitro muscle responses to MH triggers. We describe in detail central core disease, multiminicore disease,(More)
It is 30 yr since the British Journal of Anaesthesia published the first consensus protocol for the laboratory diagnosis of malignant hyperthermia susceptibility from the European Malignant Hyperthermia Group. This has subsequently been used in more than 10 000 individuals worldwide to inform use of anaesthetic drugs in these patients with increased risk of(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia (MH), linked to the ryanodine receptor 1 gene (RYR1) on chromosome 19, is a potentially lethal pharmacogenetic disorder which may lead to a disturbance of intracellular calcium homeostasis when susceptible individuals are exposed to halogenated anaesthetics, suxamethonium, or both. Central core disease (CCD) is a rare(More)
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a condition that manifests in susceptible individuals only on exposure to certain anaesthetic agents. Although genetically heterogeneous, mutations in the RYR1 gene (19q13.1) are associated with the majority of reported MH cases. Guidelines for the genetic diagnosis for MH susceptibility have recently been introduced by the(More)
BACKGROUND The ryanodine receptor of the skeletal muscle (RYR1) seems to be of outstanding importance in the pathogenesis of malignant hyperthermia (MH). It has been shown that point mutations in the RYR1 gene are strongly associated with the MH phenotype. A correctly determined phenotype is the basic prerequisite for adequate genetic MH screening. In this(More)
The determination of susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia (MH) by genetic investigation is a controversial issue because of the genetic heterogeneity of this disorder. The requirement for such an approach in MH diagnosis is a strong correlation between MH-associated genetic abnormalities and phenotypic findings in the in vitro contracture test (IVCT).(More)
Molecular genetic methods are used with caution for determining positive malignant hyperthermia (MH) disposition in clinical MH diagnosis because of the genetic variability of this disease. But under defined conditions, genotyping can have an advantage over the standardized in vitro contracture test (IVCT) in respect of invasive approach, specificity,(More)
Dysregulation of neurotransmitter receptors may contribute to bladder overactivity (OAB) symptoms. To address the question whether specific receptor expression patterns are associated with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC), we examined the expression of muscarinic, purinergic and histamine receptors in the detrusor. Detrusor receptor(More)