Learn More
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) enables non-invasive quantification of cardiac output (CO) and thereby cardiac index (CI, CO indexed to body surface area). The aim of this study was to establish if CI decreases with age and compare the values to CI for athletes and for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS CI was(More)
BACKGROUND Long term endurance training is known to increase peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) and induce morphological changes of the heart such as increased left ventricular mass (LVM). However, the relationship between and the total heart volume (THV), considering both the left and right ventricular dimensions in both males and females, is not completely(More)
1. Several recent in vitro studies have suggested that production of nitric oxide (NO) from the islet NO system may have an important regulatory influence on the secretion of insulin and glucagon. In the present paper we have investigated, mainly with an in vivo approach, the influence and specificity of the NO synthase (NOS) blocker NG-nitro-L-arginine(More)
The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat displays a markedly reduced insulin response to glucose, a defect that is thought to be coupled to an impaired glucose signaling in the beta-cell. We have examined whether carbon monoxide (CO), derived from beta-cell heme oxygenase (HO), might be involved in the secretory dysfunction. Immunocytochemical labeling of constitutive HO(More)
Accumulated evidence links an important signal involved in glucose-stimulated insulin release to the activation of the islet lysosomal glycogenolytic enzyme acid glucan-1,4-alpha-glucosidase. We have analyzed the function of the lysosomal system/lysosomal enzyme activities in pancreatic islets of young (6-8 weeks), spontaneously diabetic, GK (Goto-Kakizaki)(More)
Previous studies using echocardiography in healthy subjects have reported conflicting data regarding the percentage of the stroke volume (SV) of the left ventricle (LV) resulting from longitudinal and radial function, respectively. Therefore, the aim was to quantify the percentage of SV explained by longitudinal atrioventricular plane displacement (AVPD) in(More)
We have studied the influence of nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO), putative messenger molecules in the brain as well as in the islets of Langerhans, on glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and on the activities of the acid alpha-glucoside hydrolases, enzymes which we previously have shown to be implicated in the insulin release process. We have(More)
An important signal involved in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion is transduced through the action of a lysosomal acid, glucan 1,4-alpha-glucosidase. We investigated the Ca2+ dependency of this enzyme activity in relation to insulin release. In isolated islets, increased levels of extracellular Ca2+ induced a large increase in acid glucan(More)
Spatial relationships between the internal nucleolus-associated chromatin (NAC) and the numerous nucleolar vacuoles that appear during early germination have been studied in nucleoli of quiescent (non-germinated) and early germinating embryos of Sinapis using serial sections. In quiescent non-vacuolated nucleoli, the transcriptionally inactive internal NAC(More)
The velocity at which blood lactate concentration ([LA]) of 4 mmol/L is reached (v(4)) is widely used to determine fitness, but there are few published data on using [LA] as a guide for the exercise speed for training in horses. In this study, the effect of 3 conditioning programs with [LA] guided exercise speeds on v(4), v(200) (speed at a heart rate of(More)