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Hormone-sensitive lipase, the rate-limiting enzyme of intracellular TG hydrolysis, is a major determinant of fatty acid mobilization in adipose tissue as well as other tissues. It plays a pivotal role in lipid metabolism, overall energy homeostasis, and, presumably, cellular events involving fatty acid signaling. Detailed knowledge about its structure and(More)
Short-term exposure to 17beta-estradiol (E2) in vitro has been reported to decrease the production of proinflammatory cytokines by LPS-activated macrophages through estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha)-dependent activation of the PI3K pathway. In the present study, we confirm that in vitro exposure of mouse peritoneal macrophages to E2 enhanced Akt(More)
The human hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) gene encodes a 786-aa polypeptide (85.5 kDa). It is composed of nine exons spanning approximately 11 kb, with exons 2-5 clustered in a 1.1-kb region. The putative catalytic site (Ser423) and a possible lipid-binding region in the C-terminal part are encoded by exons 6 and 9, respectively. Exon 8 encodes the(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF or FGF-2) exerts its pleiotropic activities both as an exogenous and an intracellular factor. FGF-1 and FGF-2 are prototypes for this dual signalling, but the mechanisms of their intracellular actions remain unknown. Here we show that Translokin, a cytoplasmic protein of relative molecular mass 55,000 (M(r) 55K),(More)
Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) catalyses the rate-limiting step of adipose tissue lipolysis. The human HSL gene is composed of nine exons encoding the adipocyte form and a testis-specific coding exon. Northern blot analyses showed that human adipocytes express a 2.8 kb HSL mRNA, suggesting the presence of a short (20-150 bp) 5' untranslated region (5'-UTR).(More)
BACKGROUND The prevention of early atheroma by estrogens has been clearly demonstrated in all animal models and appears to be mediated through a direct action on the arterial wall rather than through an effect on the lipoprotein profile. The goal of the present study was to evaluate which cellular target is crucial in this beneficial action of estradiol. (More)
Estrogens, and in particular 17beta-estradiol (E2), play a pivotal role in sexual development and reproduction and are also implicated in a large number of physiological processes, including the cardiovascular system. Both acetylcholine-induced and flow-dependent vasodilation are preserved or potentiated by estrogen treatment in both animal models and(More)
Mechanisms accounting for gender dimorphism during immune responses are still poorly understood. Since invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells exert important regulatory functions through their capacity to produce both T helper 1 (Th1) and Th2 cytokines, we addressed the question of whether these activities could be modulated by sexual hormones. We found(More)
Impaired lipolysis has been proposed as a pathogenic factor contributing to clustering of abdominal obesity and dyslipidaemia in Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus--that is, the metabolic syndrome (MSDR). As this syndrome clusters in families, alterations in the hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) gene could contribute to the genetic(More)