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Hormone-sensitive lipase, the rate-limiting enzyme of intracellular TG hydrolysis, is a major determinant of fatty acid mobilization in adipose tissue as well as other tissues. It plays a pivotal role in lipid metabolism, overall energy homeostasis, and, presumably, cellular events involving fatty acid signaling. Detailed knowledge about its structure and(More)
Short-term exposure to 17beta-estradiol (E2) in vitro has been reported to decrease the production of proinflammatory cytokines by LPS-activated macrophages through estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha)-dependent activation of the PI3K pathway. In the present study, we confirm that in vitro exposure of mouse peritoneal macrophages to E2 enhanced Akt(More)
Genomic DNA (gDNA) contamination is an inherent problem during RNA purification that can lead to non-specific amplification and aberrant results in reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Currently, there is no alternative to RT(-) controls to evaluate the impact of the gDNA background on RT-PCR data. We propose a novel method (ValidPrime) that is(More)
Estrogens influence most of the physiological processes in mammals, including but not limited to reproduction, cognition, behavior, vascular system, metabolism and bone integrity. Given this widespread role for estrogen in human physiology, it is not surprising that estrogen influence the pathophysiology of numerous diseases, including cancer (of the(More)
To date, all studies conducted on breast cancer diagnosis have focused on the expression of the full-length 66-kDa estrogen receptor alpha (ERα66). However, much less attention has been paid to a shorter 46-kDa isoform (ERα46), devoid of the N-terminal region containing the transactivation function AF-1. Here, we investigated the expression levels of ERα46(More)
Although the accelerative effect of 17beta-estradiol (E2) on endothelial regrowth has been clearly demonstrated, the local cellular events accounting for this beneficial vascular action are still uncertain. In the present work, we compared the kinetics of endothelial healing of mouse carotid arteries after endovascular and perivascular injury. Both basal(More)
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