Learn More
The presence of pollutants in human breast milk is of major concern, especially in malaria control areas where 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT) is currently used as indoor residual spray (IRS). The levels of DDT and pyrethroids (PYR) were determined in breast milk, bovine milk, and drinking water from northern KwaZulu-Natal, South(More)
The effects of the strobilurin fungicide azoxystrobin were studied in brackish water microcosms, with natural plankton communities and sediment. Two experiments were conducted: Experiment 1 (nominal conc. 0, 15 and 60 microg/L, 24-L outdoor microcosms for 21 days) and a second, follow-up, Experiment 2 (nominal conc. 0, 3, 7.5, 15 microg/L, 4-L indoor(More)
BACKGROUND In many parts of the world, deliberate indoor residual spraying (IRS) of dwellings with insecticides to control malaria transmission remains the only viable option, thereby unintentionally but inevitably also causing exposure to inhabitants. Because mothers are exposed to insecticides via various routes, accumulated residues are transferred to(More)
The accumulation of alpha- and gamma-hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) and p,p'-DDT in Scots pine needles was measured simultaneously with the concentrations in the surrounding air. All three compounds accumulate during the entire life span of the needles. For p,p'-DDT the general accumulation is overlaid by a concentration peak during winter, probably related(More)
Levels of selected organochlorine compounds in pine needles were measured in two sampling series. The first series collected in 1989 covered Southern Germany to Northern Scandinavia, and the second collected in 1990 covered Czechoslovakia to Estonia. The levels of alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane (alpha-HCH) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) were relatively uniform(More)
Four Vietnamese soils (denoted AG, CT, ST and TG) which differed with respect to pH (pH 2.9-5.4), clay (17-50%) and organic matter (0.3-9.8%) content, were selected for sorption and desorption studies of carbendazim using the batch equilibration technique. Sorption increased with increasing organic carbon (OC) and clay content. Kd values for carbendazim(More)
Pesticide sorption or binding to soil is traditionally characterized using batch slurry techniques. The objective of this study was to determine linuron sorption in field-moist or unsaturated soils. Experiments were performed using low-density (i.e., 0.25 g mL(-)(1)) supercritical carbon dioxide to remove linuron from the soil water phase, thus allowing(More)
BACKGROUND The debate regarding dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) in malaria prevention and human health is polarized and can be classified into three positions: anti-DDT, centrist-DDT, pro-DDT. OBJECTIVE We attempted to arrive at a synthesis by matching a series of questions on the use of DDT for indoor residual spraying (IRS) with literature and(More)