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BACKGROUND In many parts of the world, deliberate indoor residual spraying (IRS) of dwellings with insecticides to control malaria transmission remains the only viable option, thereby unintentionally but inevitably also causing exposure to inhabitants. Because mothers are exposed to insecticides via various routes, accumulated residues are transferred to(More)
BACKGROUND The debate regarding dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) in malaria prevention and human health is polarized and can be classified into three positions: anti-DDT, centrist-DDT, pro-DDT. OBJECTIVE We attempted to arrive at a synthesis by matching a series of questions on the use of DDT for indoor residual spraying (IRS) with literature and(More)
River relies on rain fed agriculture. Important crops grown include cereals, cash crops fruits and vegetables. Farming is one of the contributors' of pollution to Lake Victoria. Organophosphates and other banned organochlorine pesticides such as lindane, aldrin and dieldrin were used by farmers. The pesticides transport was by storm water runoff and air(More)
We present a compilation of all myxomycetes recorded from Papua New Guinea (PNG) and New Caledonia (NC). Specimens were collected during field trips in September 1983–January 1984 to both territories and in August 1991, October 2007, and April 2009 to NC. Bark and dung samples for moist chamber cultures were collected during the field trips in September(More)
Background Control of malaria remains one of the world's chief current public health challenges, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa [1] where malaria is still responsible for 10% of the total disease burden. Mothers, guardians and caregivers of children play a vital role in the prevention, early detection and management of malaria. The general and daily(More)
A baseline study was conducted of the occurrence of macroinvertebrates at 26 sites in the Nyando River catchment in 2005–2006. A total of 13 orders and 16 families of Arthropoda, Mollusca, Platyhelminthes and Annelida were collected, with the order Ephemeroptera being most abundant in the up-and mid-stream reaches, followed by Hemiptera and Plecoptera(More)
This report concerns a study which was conducted for SKB. The conclusions and viewpoints presented in the report are those of the authors. SKB may draw modified conclusions, based on additional literature sources and/or expert opinions. Abstract Chlorine-36 (36 Cl), a radioisotope of chlorine (Cl) with a half-life of 301,000 years, is present in some types(More)
(1) The authors would like to thank David Gee for helping to prepare the manuscript. 'There was a strange stillness. The birds for example — where had they gone? Many people spoke about them, puzzled and disturbed. The feeding stations in the backyards were deserted. The few birds seen anywhere were moribund: they trembled violently and could not fly. It(More)