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Automatic grasp planning for robotic hands is a difficult problem because of the huge number of possible hand configurations. However, humans simplify the problem by choosing an appropriate prehensile posture appropriate for the object and task to be performed. By modeling an object as a set of shape primitives, such as spheres, cylinders , cones and boxes,(More)
In this paper we describe the problem of Visual Place Categorization (VPC) for mobile robotics, which involves predicting the semantic category of a place from image measurements acquired from an autonomous platform. For example, a robot in an unfamiliar home environment should be able to recognize the functionality of the rooms it visits, such as kitchen,(More)
An important competence for a mobile robot system is the ability to localize and perform context interpretation. This is required to perform basic navigation and to facilitate local specific services. Usually localization is performed based on a purely geometric model. Through use of vision and place recognition a number of opportunities open up in terms of(More)
Based on concepts of the human visual system, computational visual attention systems aim to detect regions of interest in images. Psychologists, neurobiologists, and computer scientists have investigated visual attention thoroughly during the last decades and profited considerably from each other. However, the interdisciplinarity of the topic holds not only(More)
Robots have entered our domestic lives, but yet, little is known about their impact on the home. This paper takes steps towards addressing this omission, by reporting results from an empirical study of iRobot's Roomba™, a vacuuming robot. Our findings suggest that, by developing intimacy to the robot, our participants were able to derive increased pleasure(More)
We describe an approach to simultaneous localization and mapping, SLAM. This approach has the highly desirable property of robustness to data association errors. Another important advantage of our algorithm is that non-linearities are computed exactly, so that global constraints can be imposed even if they result in large shifts to the map. We represent the(More)
—In this paper a sensor fusion scheme, called triangu-lation-based fusion (TBF) of sonar data, is presented. This algorithm delivers stable natural point landmarks, which appear in practically all indoor environments, i.e., vertical edges like door posts, table legs, and so forth. The landmark precision is in most cases within centimeters. The TBF algorithm(More)
This paper presents a multiple target tracking approach for following and passing persons in the context of human-robot interaction. The general purpose for the approach is the use in human augmented mapping. This concept is presented and it is described how navigation and person following are subsumed under it. Results from experiments under test(More)
Localization and context interpretation are two key competences for mobile robot systems. Visual place recognition, as opposed to purely geometrical models, holds promise of higher flexibility and association of semantics to the model. Ideally, a place recognition algorithm should be robust to dynamic changes and it should perform consistently when(More)