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BACKGROUND We tested the hypothesis that a functional biallelic repetitive element in the 5' regulatory region of the human serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) confers susceptibility to serotonin-related personality traits underlying alcohol dependence with dissocial behavior. METHODS The association study was focused on 64 alcohol-dependent subjects with(More)
Human Factors (HF) sind maßgeblich an der Entstehung und der Bewältigung von Zwischenfällen in der Anästhesie beteiligt. Mit einem Simulatortraining können HF-Aspekte des Krisenmanagements trainiert werden. Es wurde ein modulares Trainingskonzept mit psychologischem Intensivbriefing entwickelt. Ziel der Studie war die Frage, ob sich beim Thema(More)
A dysfunction of dopaminergic neurotansmission has been implicated in alcohol-seeking behavior. Recently, a significant association between the seven-repeat allele (DRD4*7R) of a 16 amino acid motif in the third exon of the dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) and the personality trait of novelty seeking has been reported. Our population-based association study(More)
The present study tested the hypothesis that the short, low activity variant of a biallelic polymorphism in the 5' regulatory region of the human serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene confers susceptibility to severe alcohol dependence marked by severe withdrawal symptoms. Applying a phenotype-genotype strategy, our population-based association analysis(More)
Our study tested the hypothesis of whether the sensitivity of central dopamine receptors corresponds to the genotypic constitution of DNA-polymorphisms of the dopamine D1 and D2 receptor (DRD1, DRD2) genes and is associated with poor treatment outcome. Therefore, 97 alcohol-dependent patients were assessed according to their sensitivity of central dopamine(More)
Hereditary factors confer susceptibility to alcohol dependence. Alcohol mediates its reinforcing effects by enhancing dopamine activity in the mesolimbic dopamine system. The role of the dopamine transporter in terminating dopaminergic activity in synaptic neurotransmission suggests that variants of the dopamine transporter gene (DAT1) might contribute to(More)
The ascomycete Dichotomomyces cejpii was isolated from the marine sponge Callyspongia cf. C. flammea. Three new steroids (1-3), two of which are present as glycosides, with an untypical pattern of carbon-carbon double bounds, were obtained from fungal extracts, as well as the known xanthocillin X dimethyl ether (4). Compounds 2 and 4 were evaluated in an(More)
The Ascomycota Dichotomomyces cejpii was isolated from the marine sponge Callyspongia cf. C. flammea. A new gliotoxin derivative, 6-acetylmonodethiogliotoxin (1) was obtained from fungal extracts. Compounds 2 and 3, methylthio-gliotoxin derivatives were formerly only known as semi-synthetic compounds and are here described as natural products. Additionally(More)
Hereditary factors play a substantial role in the etiology of alcohol dependence. Alcohol mediates its reinforcing effects by an activation of the mesolimbic dopamine system. These findings suggest that the genes encoding the dopamine receptor (DR) subtypes represent high-ranking candidates for susceptibility genes to addictive disorders. Our present(More)