Henrik Fagman

Learn More
Thyroid dysgenesis is the major cause of congenital hypothyroidism in humans. The underlying molecular mechanism is in most cases unknown, but the frequent co-incidence of cardiac anomalies suggests that the thyroid morphogenetic process may depend on proper cardiovascular development. The T-box transcription factor TBX1, which is the most probable gene for(More)
Normal mouse thyroid development has been revised to identify critical morphogenetic events. The early thyroid primordium associates with the aortic sac endothelium at the time of specification and budding. The vascular contact is lost after the thyroid buds from the pharyngeal endoderm, but is resumed before the gland divides to form two lobes. Lateral(More)
Regulated cell death, defined in morphological terms as apoptosis, is crucial for organ morphogenesis. While differentiation of the thyroid gland has been extensively studied, nothing is yet known about the survival mechanisms involved in the development of this endocrine gland. Using the zebrafish model system, we aim to understand whether genes belonging(More)
The thyroid develops from the foregut endoderm. Yet uncharacterized inductive signals specify endoderm progenitors to a thyroid cell fate that assembles in the pharyngeal floor from which the primordium buds and migrates to the final position of the gland. The morphogenetic process is regulated by both cell-autonomous (e.g. activated by NKX2-1, FOXE1, PAX8,(More)
Dicer is a type III ribonuclease required for the biogenesis of microRNAs (miRNAs), a class of small non-coding RNAs regulating gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. To explore the functional role of miRNAs in thyroid gland function, we generated a thyrocyte-specific Dicer conditional knockout mouse. Here we show that development and early(More)
The integrity of epithelial cell junctions is controlled by E-cadherin-mediated (Ca2+-dependent) cell-cell adhesion. In thyroid follicular cells the dissociation of junctions induced by transfer to low Ca2+ medium (Ca2+ switch) is prevented by thyrotropin acting via cyclic AMP/protein kinase A (cAMP/PKA) (Nilsson et al., Eur. J. Cell Biol. 56, 308-318,(More)
Thyroid dysgenesis encountered in 85% of patients with congenital hypothyroidism is a morphologically heterogeneous condition with primarily unknown pathogenesis. Here we identify sonic hedgehog (Shh) as a novel regulator of thyroid development. In Shh knockout mice the thyroid primordium is correctly specified in the pharyngeal endoderm, but budding and(More)
The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor is a nucleocytoplasmic protein. The nuclear accumulation of APC was recently found to vary depending on cell density, suggesting that putative APC function(s) in the nucleus is controlled by the establishment of cell contacts. We report here that the density-dependent redistribution of APC between(More)
Congenital hypothyroidism is mainly due to structural defects of the thyroid gland, collectively known as thyroid dysgenesis. The two most prevalent forms of this condition are abnormal localization of differentiated thyroid tissue (thyroid ectopia) and total absence of the gland (athyreosis). The clinical picture of thyroid dysgenesis suggests that(More)
The long distance between the final location of the thyroid gland in front of the trachea and the site of embryological specification at the tongue base suggests that active migration of the thyroid progenitor cells is required. During embryogenesis, similar morphogenetic events often involve epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), which promotes the(More)