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Cross-communication between different signalling systems allows the integration of the great diversity of stimuli that a cell receives under varying physiological situations. The transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-dependent signalling pathways upon stimulation of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), which are critical for the(More)
Transduction of a mitogenic signal from the cell membrane to the nucleus involves the adapter proteins SHC and Grb2, which mediate activation of the Ras/mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway. In contrast to receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), the signalling steps leading to Ras/MAP kinase activation by G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are still(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase recently was identified as providing a link to mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in response to G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists in Rat-1 fibroblasts. This cross-talk pathway is also established in other cell types such as HaCaT keratinocytes, primary mouse astrocytes and COS-7(More)
Protein kinases are pivotal regulators of cell signaling that modulate each other's functions and activities through site-specific phosphorylation events. These key regulatory modifications have not been studied comprehensively, because low cellular abundance of kinases has resulted in their underrepresentation in previous phosphoproteome studies. Here, we(More)
Small molecule inhibitors of protein kinases are widely used in signal transduction research and are emerging as a major class of drugs. Although interpretation of biological results obtained with these reagents critically depends on their selectivity, efficient methods for proteome-wide assessment of kinase inhibitor selectivity have not yet been reported.(More)
Recently, we have demonstrated that in PC12 cells activation of the Ras/extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway in response to membrane depolarization or bradykinin is mediated by calcium-dependent transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Here we address the question whether Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaM(More)
Because of their antagonistic catalytic functions, protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) and protein-tyrosine kinases act together to control phosphotyrosine-mediated signaling processes in mammalian cells. However, unlike for protein-tyrosine kinases, little is known about the cellular substrate specificity of many PTPs because of the lack of appropriate(More)
Selective inhibition of protein tyrosine kinases is gaining importance as an effective therapeutic approach for the treatment of a wide range of human cancers. However, as extensively documented for the BCR-ABL oncogene in imatinib-treated leukaemia patients, clinical resistance caused by mutations in the targeted oncogene has been observed. Here, we look(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5A protein is highly phosphorylated by cellular protein kinases. To study how NS5A might be integrated in cellular kinase signalling, we isolated phosphoproteins from HuH-7 hepatoma cells that specifically interacted with recombinant NS5A protein. Subsequent mass spectrometry identified the adaptor protein amphiphysin II as a(More)
Protein kinases play important roles in tumor development and progression. A variety of members of this family of signal transduction enzymes serve as targets for therapeutic intervention in cancer. We have identified the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) AXL as a potential mediator of motility and invasivity of breast cancer cells. AXL is expressed in most(More)