Henrik Bjørn

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A total of 6141 foxes (Vulpes vulpes) were examined for infection with Trichinella. The foxes were killed in Denmark during the hunting season 1995-1996 and 1997-1998; 3133 and 3008, respectively. Foxes included in the investigation came from throughout the country with the exception of the island of Bornholm. The right foreleg from each fox was submitted(More)
This study reports on the prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in strongyles of horses in Denmark. Of 5 methods used for the calculation of faecal egg count reduction (FECR) the method recommended by the World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology, for the detection of resistance in sheep was the most sensitive procedure for detecting(More)
This paper describes the worm populations in pigs experimentally infected by trickle infections with different dose levels of the nodular worm, Oesophagostomum dentatum. Four groups each of 20 helminth naïve pigs, 10-12 weeks old, were inoculated with 0 (group 1), 100 (group 2), 1000 (group 3), or 10,000 (group 4) infective larvae twice weekly, and the pigs(More)
An experiment was carried out to investigate the anthelmintic activity of papaya latex (Carica papaya) against natural infection of Ascaris suum in pigs. Sixteen naturally infected pigs were, on the basis of faecal egg counts and body weight, allocated into four groups, each of four pigs. Three groups (groups B, C, and D) were given papaya latex per os at(More)
Four groups with three pigs in each group were inoculated with Oesophagostomum dentatum larvae (L3 larvae). Groups 1 and 3 were inoculated with 20,000 larvae, and Groups 2 and 4 with 200,000 larvae. On Days 11 and 34, respectively, Groups 1 and 2 and Groups 3 and 4 were slaughtered, and the contents from the large intestines collected. Subsamples of(More)
This study was undertaken to determine whether anthelmintic-resistant Oesophagostomum spp. populations occur in Danish swine herds. A controlled field trial on selected sow herds suggested resistance to pyrantel citrate in a herd where faecal egg count depression in response to treatment was only 28.3%. This was confirmed by subsequent experimental(More)
At some stages of development, it is impossible to identify the porcine nodular worms Oesophagostomum dentatum and O. quadrispinulatum to the species level using morphological parameters. A molecular approach utilizing genetic markers in the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) of ribosomal (r) DNA was developed to overcome this limitation. The ITS-2(More)
Two strains of Oesophagostomum spp., consisting of both O. quadrispinulatum and O. dentatum, were subjected to a controlled in vivo assay for resistance to levamisole and pyrantel by comparison with susceptible isolates. One strain (LEM) was recently isolated from a commercial herd, where sows showed high numbers of strongyle eggs in faeces within 2 weeks(More)
To define prepatent periods of different Oesophagostomum spp. isolates we carried out two separate experiments, one using two monospecific laboratory isolates and another using laboratory isolates as well as isolates obtained from pig herds having different management systems and with different anthelmintic treatment histories. Pigs were inoculated with(More)
Lines of Oesophagostomum dentatum artificially selected or not selected for resistance to pyrantel, levamisole and ivermectin were used in this study. From the 10th generation of selection eggs were collected from each line and subjected to an in vitro larval development assay (LDA) and an egg hatch assay (EHPA). Significant differences were observed(More)