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The substrate specificity of vesicular GABA and glycine uptake was studied in vesicle fractions from brain and spinal cord, respectively. Glycine, beta-alanine and gamma-vinyl-GABA were competitive inhibitors of the GABA uptake were competitive inhibitors of the GABA uptake by synaptic vesicles in brain. Likewise GABA and beta-alanine turned out to be(More)
Rat brain synaptic vesicles exhibit ATP-dependent uptake of gamma-[3H]amino-n-butyric acid ([3H]GABA) and L-[3H]glutamate. After hypotonic shock, the highest specific activities of uptake of both L-glutamate and GABA were recovered in the 0.4 M fraction of a sucrose gradient. The uptakes of L-glutamate and GABA were inhibited by similar, but not identical,(More)
Synaptic vesicle fractions have been isolated from cerebral cortex, subcortical telencephalon, whole brain and spinal cord by density gradient centrifugation. The Mg2+ ATP-dependent vesicular uptake and the Na(+)-dependent synaptosomal uptake of glycine, GABA and L-glutamate has been compared in the different regions. All these regions contain GABA as(More)
Although most mycobacterial lipids are thought to be associated with the cell envelope, the authors previously observed substantial deposits of intracellular lipophilic material. A Nile-red-based cytological assay was used to determine factors which affect the presence and natural history of intracellular lipophilic inclusions (ILIs) in Mycobacterium(More)
The choroid plexus epithelium (CPE) is located in the ventricular system of the brain, where it secretes the majority of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that fills the ventricular system and surrounds the central nervous system. The CPE is a highly vascularized single layer of cuboidal cells with an unsurpassed transepithelial water and solute transport rate.(More)
Glycine was taken up by a synaptic vesicle fraction from spinal cord in a Mg-ATP-dependent manner. The accumulation of glycine was inhibited by carbonyl cyanide-m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) and nigericin, agents known to destroy the proton gradient across the vesicle membrane. Vesicular uptake of glycine was clearly different from synaptosomal uptake,(More)
The ontogeny of the uptake of glutamate, GABA and glycine into synaptic vesicles isolated from rat brain has been investigated. The vesicular uptake of the three amino acids increased with developmental age in parallel with synaptogenesis, indicating a functional role of uptake of the amino acids by synaptic vesicles in the nerve terminals. Uptake of the(More)
The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pH influences brain interstitial pH and, therefore, brain function. We hypothesized that the choroid plexus epithelium (CPE) expresses the vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) as an acid extrusion mechanism in the luminal membrane to counteract detrimental elevations in CSF pH. The expression of mRNA corresponding to several V-ATPase(More)
Synaptic vesicles have been isolated from rat spinal cord-medulla at different postnatal ages, and the ontogeny of the uptake of glycine, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate has been investigated. The accumulation of the 3 amino acids increased with increasing time after birth reaching adult level at about postnatal day 30. This developmental(More)
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