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The linkage relationship among the loci Hor1, Hor2, Ml-k and Ml-a on the short arm of chromosome 5 was studied by progeny testing the F2 generation of two crosses. The loci Hor1 and Hor2 code for polypeptides of the storage protein hordein (prolamin) and the loci Ml-k and Ml-a determine the resistance reaction with some powdery mildew fungi cultures. The(More)
The powdery mildew disease resistance gene Ml(La) was found to belong to a locus on barely chromosome 2. We suggest that this locus be designated MlLa. Linkage analysis was carried out on 72 chromosome-doubled, spring-type progeny lines from a cross between the winter var ‘Vogelsanger Gold’ and the spring var ‘Alf’. A map of chromosome 2 spanning 119cM and(More)
Fungal polyketide biosynthesis typically involves multiple enzymatic steps and the encoding genes are often found in gene clusters. A gene cluster containing PKS12, the polyketide synthase gene responsible for the synthesis of the pigment aurofusarin, was analysed by gene replacement using Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation to determine the(More)
The genomic organization of repetitive DNA in the obligate parasitic fungus Erysiphe graminis DC ex Mérat f.sp. hordei Em. Marchal was investigated using a cosmid library of the fungal genome. Three repetitive sequences were shown to be dispersed throughout the genome, and in a few cases they were found closely associated with long poly(dA) tracts. The most(More)
Growth conditions are known to affect the production of secondary metabolites in filamentous fungi. The influence of different nitrogen sources and the transcription factor AreA on the production of mycotoxins in Fusarium graminearum was examined. Growth on glutamine or NH4-sources was poor and asparagine was found to be a preferential nitrogen source for(More)
Zearalenones are produced by several Fusarium species and can cause reproductive problems in animals. Some aurofusarin mutants of Fusarium pseudograminearum produce elevated levels of zearalenone (ZON), one of the estrogenic mycotoxins comprising the zearalenones. An analysis of transcripts from polyketide synthase genes identified in the Fusarium(More)
A cDNA library was constructed from germinating conidia of the obligate biotrophic fungus, Erysiphe graminis DC ex Mérat f.sp. hordei Em. Marchal (Egh). Subtractive hybridization and differential screening were carried out. Two cDNA clones, cEgh7 and cEgh16, which were highly expressed in germinating conidia, but not in ungerminated conidia, were selected(More)
The accumulation of salt-soluble proteins in the endosperm of developing barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) grains was examined. Detached spikes of barley were cultured at different levels of nitrogen nutrition and pulse-labeled with [14C] sucrose at specific times after anthesis. Proteins were extracted from isolated endosperms and separated by sodium dodecyl(More)
The red pigmentation of Fusarium graminearum and related species that cause stem and head blight of cereals is due to the deposition of aurofusarin in the cell walls. To determine the importance of this polyketide for fungal physiology and pathogenicity, aurofusarin deficient mutants were produced by random and targeted mutagenesis of F. pseudograminearum(More)
Particle gum acceleration appears to be a possible way to transform mycelium cells of obligate plant parasites growing on host surfaces. GUS expression was obtained in E. graminis f.sp. hordei cells after bombardment with the GUS gene under the control of the E. graminis f.sp. hordei β-tubulin promoter. Three heterologous promoters, one from Aspergillus(More)