Henrietta Papp

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Calpains, the Ca(2+)-dependent thiol proteases, are abundant in the nervous tissue. The ubiquitous enzyme forms in mammals are heterodimers consisting of a specific, micro or m, large (catalytic) subunit and, apparently, a common small (regulatory) subunit (CSS1). Recently, however, we described a second form of small subunit (CSS2), which is of restricted(More)
Human amyloid-beta1-42 has been suggested to be a pathogenetic factor in Alzheimer's disease. The precise mechanism by which this peptide causes the degeneration of neurons in the affected brain is not yet fully understood. By using immunohistochemistry we explored the inhibitory effects of human amyloid-beta1-42 applied in vivo on the fast axonal transport(More)
The neurotoxic effects of amyloid-beta(1-42) and amyloid-beta(25-35) (A beta) on cholinergic and acetylcholinesterase-positive neurons were investigated in primary cultures derived from embryonic 18-day-old rat basal forebrain. After various time intervals, the cultures were treated with 1, 5, 10 or 20 microM A beta for different time periods. The(More)
Earlier neurochemical studies suggested that human brain carboxypeptidase B may play a significant role in the degradation of amyloid-beta1-42 in the brain. Using an immimohistochemical technique we report here on the neuronal expression and distribution of this enzyme in the segments (CA1a, CA1b and CA1c) of the CA1 subfield and in area CA4 of the(More)
The axonal transport of presenilin-1 was investigated in a spinal cord-sciatic nerve-neuromuscular junction model system in the rat. The technique of unilateral sciatic nerve ligation, using double ligatures, was combined with immunohistochemical staining and Western blotting to examine the axonal transport of the protein. Immunohistochemical studies(More)
The amyloid precursor protein (APP) and presenilin-1 (PS-1) are not only of importance for the normal functioning of the various neurons, but also play central roles in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Through the use of immunohistochemical and Western blot techniques, the bidirectional axonal transport of these proteins has been demonstrated(More)
It is assumed that the amyloid-beta peptide (A ABSTRACT It is assumed that the amyloid-beta peptide (A ABSTRACT β) contributes to the neurodegen-eration in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Activation of an apoptotic pathway may play a key role in this process. The apoptotic signal may be driven by caspases. The presynaptic Aβ protein may be an activator of(More)
After an acute (4 h) treatment with an irreversible cholinesterase inhibitor organophosphate, metrifonate (100 mg/kg i.p.), the activities of both acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase were inhibited (66.0-70.7% of the control level) in the rat brain cortex and hippocampus. There were no significant changes in the acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase activities in(More)
Alteration in the processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a central event in the formation of amyloid deposits in the brains of individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD). It has been suggested that acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors, which promote the cholinergic function and consequently improve the cognitive deficits, may also exert a(More)
Previous experimental studies have indicated that amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) may cause axonal degeneration in the brain of individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) by physical injury, mass lesion, or membrane perturbation. In this study, acetylcholinesterase histochemical, and Abeta and tau immunohistochemical double-staining were performed in(More)