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Retroviral infection has been proposed as an etiologic factor in schizophrenia. In an effort to unmask a latent retrovirus, short term cultures of peripheral lymphocytes from 15 schizophrenic subjects and nine normal controls were exposed to ionizing radiation and co-cultured with indicator cells. Reverse transcriptase activity, a marker of retroviral(More)
Dopamine produces a time- and dose-dependent increase in cell death in a clonal catecholaminergic cell line (CATH.a) derived from the central nervous system. Cell death also occurred after treatment with the catecholamines L-dihydroxyphenylalanine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, and isoproterenol, as well as the neurotoxic compound 6-hydroxydopamine. Cell(More)
Antibodies are critical reagents used in several biodetection platforms for the identification of biological agents. Recent advances in phage display technology allow isolation of high affinity recombinant antibody fragments (Fabs) that may bind unique epitopes of biological threat agents. The versatility of the selection process lends itself to efficient(More)
Olfactory neuroepithelial cells (ONC) grown from biopsies of human donors are a novel cell culture system that may facilitate studies into normal and disease-related human neurobiology. We further characterized the expression of cell surface markers and intermediate filaments, and responses to neurotrophic factors by ONC. ONC are positive for cell surface(More)
HCN-1A is a human cerebral cortical neuronal cell line having properties consistent with cells of immature neuronal origin. This article details evidence for productive low-level infection of HCN-1A cells with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). In vitro exposure to HCN-1A monolayers to a high titer of either LAV/HTLV-IIIB or HTLV-IIIMN resulted in(More)
In vitro growth properties of three CNS-derived cell lines were compared under a variety of culture conditions. The M213-20 and J30a cell lines were each derived from embryonic CNS culture with the temperature-sensitive (ts) allele of SV40 large T antigen, tsA58, while the A7 cell line was immortalized using wild-type SV40 large T antigen. Cells(More)
We have conducted flow cytometric studies of two subsets of lymphocyte markers in groups of migraineurs during (n = 12; group B) and outside (n = 10; group C) of a migraine without aura attack (total n = 22; group A), including a group of patients tested in both of these phases (n = 5; group D), and compared these results with those obtained from a(More)
Phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), a protein kinase C (PKC) activator, elevated basal cyclic AMP levels and enhanced isoproterenol-, prostaglandin E1- (PGE1), forskolin- and cholera toxin-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed human B-lymphocytes. Staurosporine, a PKC inhibitor, significantly antagonized the increase(More)
Injection of rabbits with a human T cell line infected with HIV-1 caused seroconversion within 6 wk, and HIV-1 could be isolated from PBL cultures of infected rabbits. Identity of the isolated virus with HIV-1 was shown by analysis of products amplified by the polymerase chain reaction. HIV-1 infection was seen in rabbits injected with HIV-1-infected cells(More)
Rabbits experimentally infected with HTLV-I and HIV-1 produced antibody to various viral proteins, and viral DNA could be detected by gene amplification using the polymerase chain reaction. HTLV-I genes were detected in cell lines derived from infected rabbits, and in some cases, both HIV-1 and HTLV-I DNA sequences were demonstrated in peripheral blood(More)