Henrietta Dehmlow

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In higher organisms the formation of the steroid scaffold is catalysed exclusively by the membrane-bound oxidosqualene cyclase (OSC; lanosterol synthase). In a highly selective cyclization reaction OSC forms lanosterol with seven chiral centres starting from the linear substrate 2,3-oxidosqualene. Valuable data on the mechanism of the complex cyclization(More)
2,3-Oxidosqualene:lanosterol cyclase (OSC, E.C. 5.4.99.7) represents a unique target for a cholesterol lowering drug. Partial inhibition of OSC should reduce synthesis of lanosterol and subsequent sterols, and also stimulate the production of epoxysterols that repress HMG-CoA reductase expression, generating a synergistic, self-limited negative regulatory(More)
A series of tetrahydro-cyclopenta[b]indoles modulating the activity of the liver-X-receptor (LXR) were derived from a high throughput screening hit. The potency and selectivity for LXRbeta versus LXRalpha was improved. One compound, administered to wild-type mice modestly increased plasma HDL-cholesterol with no change in plasma triglycerides (TG) and(More)
The binding structures of 11 human oxidosqualene cyclase inhibitors designed as cholesterol-lowering agents were determined for the squalene-hopene cyclase from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius, which is the only structurally known homologue of the human enzyme. The complexes were produced by cocrystallization, and the structures were elucidated by X-ray(More)
Ligand-biased receptor signaling has been proposed for several G-protein coupled receptors including the niacin receptor GPR109A. Coupling to the G(i/o) pathway has been shown to be responsible for the well described triglyceride lowering effect of nicotinic acid in mice, while activation of the β-arrestin pathway has been suggested to be responsible for(More)
Ten oxidosqualene cyclase inhibitors with high efficacy as cholesterol-lowering agents and of different chemical structure classes were evaluated as potential anticancer agents against human cancer cells from various tissue origins and nontumoral human-brain-derived endothelial cells. Inhibition of cancer cell growth was demonstrated at micromolar(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is mitogenic and/or antiapoptotic in human cancers, and antagonists to ET-1 receptors are under evaluation for cancer treatment. Inhibition of ET-1 activation by the endothelin-converting enzymes 1(a)(-)(d) (ECE-1(a)(-)(d); EC 3.4.24.71) represents another approach to block the ET-1 effect in cancer. To evaluate this potential, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Inhibition of 2,3-oxidosqualene:lanosterol cyclase (OSC), an enzyme in the cholesterol synthesis pathway, has the unique ability to inhibit cholesterol synthesis while simultaneously enhancing oxysterol synthesis. Our objectives were to determine, in vivo, if a novel OSC inhibitor reduced low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and to define the(More)
New orally active non-terpenoic inhibitors of human 2,3-oxidosqualene cyclase (hOSC) are reported. The starting point for the optimization process was a set of compounds derived from a fungicide project, which in addition to showing high affinity for OSC from Candida albicans showed also high affinity for human OSC. Common structural elements of these(More)
A series of branched and unbranched anilinohexafluoroisopropanols related to the known sulfonamide T0901317 were prepared and evaluated as activators/modulators of both LXRalpha and LXRbeta. A structure-activity relationship was established and compounds with high potency on both the receptors were identified. Many compounds showed a tendency toward(More)