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Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is an aggressive tumor with frequent metastatic rate and poor survival. Integrated analyses allow understanding the interplay between different levels of molecular alterations.We integrated miRNA and gene expression data from 458 ccRCC and 254 normal kidney specimens to construct a miRNA-target interaction network.We(More)
Carney complex is a rare disease inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. It is mostly caused by inactivating mutations of the subunit of protein kinase A. Carney complex is associated with atrial myxoma, nevi or myxomas of the skin, breast tumor and endocrine overactivity. Primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease is the specific endocrine(More)
BACKGROUND The outcome of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is still unpredictable. Even with new targeted therapies, the average progression-free survival is dismal. Markers for early detection and progression could improve disease outcome. METHODS To identify efficient and hitherto unrecognized pathogenic factors of the disease, we performed a(More)
Abnormal microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles have recently been associated with sporadic pituitary adenomas, suggesting that miRNAs can contribute to tumor formation; miRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that inhibit posttranscriptional expression of target mRNAs by binding to target sequences usually located in the 3'-UTR. In this study, we investigated the(More)
The activin/transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) pathway plays an important role in tumorigenesis either by its tumor suppressor or tumor promoting effect. Loss of members of the TGF-β signaling by somatic mutations or epigenetic events, such as DNA methylation or regulation by microRNA (miRNA), may affect the signaling process. Most members of the TGF-β(More)
BACKGROUND The anti-angiogenic Sorafenib is the only approved systemic therapy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, acquired resistance limits its efficacy. An emerging theory to explain intrinsic resistance to other anti-angiogenic drugs is 'vessel co-option,' ie, the ability of tumors to hijack the existing vasculature in organs such as(More)
CONTEXT The tumorigenic mechanisms involved in pituitary adenomas, especially of nonfunctional pituitary adenomas (NFAs), remains unclear. Various cell cycle inhibitors have been found to be underexpressed in pituitary tumors; however, Wee1 kinase, a nuclear protein that delays mitosis and was recently recognized as a tumor suppressor gene, has not been(More)
MicroRNAs (miRs) are small, 16-29 nucleotide long, non-coding RNA molecules which regulate the stability or translational efficiency of targeted mRNAs via RNA interference. MiRs participate in the control of cell proliferation, cell differentiation, signal transduction, cell death, and they play a role in carcinogenesis. The aims of our study were to(More)
The use of extracellular microRNAs (miRNAs) as circulating biomarkers is currently leading to relevant advances in the diagnosis and assessment of prognosis of several diseases. Specific miRNAs have also been shown to play a role in the pathophysiology of many neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases. A number of studies have demonstrated that miRNAs show(More)
INTRODUCTION The 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 enzyme (11β-HSD1) plays an important role in the regulation of local glucocorticoid concentration in a tissue specific manner. Previous studies indicated associations between polymorphisms (SNPs) of the HSD11B1 gene and laboratory as well as osteodensitometric parameters of bone metabolism. In our(More)