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The activin/transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) pathway plays an important role in tumorigenesis either by its tumor suppressor or tumor promoting effect. Loss of members of the TGF-β signaling by somatic mutations or epigenetic events, such as DNA methylation or regulation by microRNA (miRNA), may affect the signaling process. Most members of the TGF-β(More)
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is an aggressive tumor with frequent metastatic rate and poor survival. Integrated analyses allow understanding the interplay between different levels of molecular alterations.We integrated miRNA and gene expression data from 458 ccRCC and 254 normal kidney specimens to construct a miRNA-target interaction network.We(More)
Carney complex is a rare disease inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. It is mostly caused by inactivating mutations of the subunit of protein kinase A. Carney complex is associated with atrial myxoma, nevi or myxomas of the skin, breast tumor and endocrine overactivity. Primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease is the specific endocrine(More)
This publication reviews the function of arginine vasopressin and focuses on the morphologic and functional correlation between the hormone and its effect on stress, the hypophysial–adrenocortical axis, neuroimmune responses, renal function and corticotroph pituitary tumors. A literature review was performed using various search engines for information(More)
BACKGROUND The outcome of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is still unpredictable. Even with new targeted therapies, the average progression-free survival is dismal. Markers for early detection and progression could improve disease outcome. METHODS To identify efficient and hitherto unrecognized pathogenic factors of the disease, we performed a(More)
CONTEXT The tumorigenic mechanisms involved in pituitary adenomas, especially of nonfunctional pituitary adenomas (NFAs), remains unclear. Various cell cycle inhibitors have been found to be underexpressed in pituitary tumors; however, Wee1 kinase, a nuclear protein that delays mitosis and was recently recognized as a tumor suppressor gene, has not been(More)
Abnormal microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles have recently been associated with sporadic pituitary adenomas, suggesting that miRNAs can contribute to tumor formation; miRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that inhibit posttranscriptional expression of target mRNAs by binding to target sequences usually located in the 3'-UTR. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Dysregulation of G1/S checkpoint of cell cycle has been reported in pituitary adenomas. In addition, our previous finding showing that deregulation of Wee1 kinase by microRNAs together with other studies demonstrating alteration of G2/M transition in nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) suggest that G2/M transition may also be important in pituitary(More)
INTRODUCTION The 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 enzyme (11β-HSD1) plays an important role in the regulation of local glucocorticoid concentration in a tissue specific manner. Previous studies indicated associations between polymorphisms (SNPs) of the HSD11B1 gene and laboratory as well as osteodensitometric parameters of bone metabolism. In our(More)
BACKGROUND The anti-angiogenic Sorafenib is the only approved systemic therapy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, acquired resistance limits its efficacy. An emerging theory to explain intrinsic resistance to other anti-angiogenic drugs is 'vessel co-option,' ie, the ability of tumors to hijack the existing vasculature in organs such as(More)