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We introduce a practical synchronous stream cipher with provable security named QUAD. The cipher relies on the iteration of a multivariate quadratic system of m equations in n < m unknowns over a finite field. The security of QUAD is provably reducible to the conjectured intractability of the MQ problem, namely solving a multivariate system of quadratic(More)
The innovative HB + protocol of Juels and Weis [10] extends device authentication to low-cost RFID tags. However, despite the very simple on-tag computation there remain some practical problems with HB + and despite an elegant proof of security against some limited active attacks, there is a simple man-in-the-middle attack due to Gilbert et al. [8]. In this(More)
Sosemanuk is a new synchronous software-oriented stream cipher, corresponding to Profile 1 of the ECRYPT call for stream cipher primitives. Its key length is variable between 128 and 256 bits. It accommodates a 128-bit initial value. Any key length is claimed to achieve 128-bit security. The Sosemanuk cipher uses both some basic design principles from the(More)
Rainbow is a fast asymmetric multivariate signature algorithm proposed by J. Ding and D. Schmidt in [5]. This paper presents a cryptanalysis of Rainbow which enables an attacker provided with the public key to recover an equivalent representation of the secret key, thus allowing her to efficiently forge a signature of any message. For the set of parameter(More)
RFID systems many types of systems power supply, range, tag memory/processing capabilities... cost per tag: from a few cents to more than 1$ many types of applications management of the supply chain ticketing, public transportations access control, automatic tolls anticounterfeiting pets tracking airline luggage tracking .... quite diverse security and(More)