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The 2009 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) clinical practice guideline on the monitoring, management, and treatment of kidney transplant recipients is intended to assist the practitioner caring for adults and children after kidney transplantation. The guideline development process followed an evidence-based approach, and management(More)
Sirolimus (SRL) is a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor that, in contrast to cyclosporine (CsA), has been shown to inhibit rather than promote cancers in experimental models. At 3 mo +/- 2 wk after renal transplantation, 430 of 525 enrolled patients were randomly assigned to remain on SRL-CsA-steroids (ST) or to have CsA withdrawn and SRL troughs(More)
INTRODUCTION This study evaluated whether cyclosporine (CsA) could be eliminated from a sirolimus (Rapamune, rapamycin, SRL)-CsA-steroid (ST) regimen at 3 months. METHODS This was an open-label study conducted in Europe, Australia, and Canada. Upon enrollment, 525 primary (90%) or secondary (10%) renal allograft recipients with cadaveric (89%) or living(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term lithium administration in humans may lead to chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis, which develops very slowly. Its progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has been rarely reported. The aim of this study is to document the rate of progression of lithium-induced nephropathy and its prognostic factors, and to provide an estimation of(More)
The specificity of chronic histological lesions induced by calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) is often questioned, but few studies have directly compared long-term lesions in renal-transplant patients who received this treatment and those who did not. We therefore conducted a retrospective study of 141 kidney-transplant recipients treated with (n = 48) or without(More)
We report the 48-month results of a trial testing whether withdrawal of cyclosporine (CsA) from a sirolimus (SRL)-CsA-steroid (ST) regimen would impact renal allograft survival. Eligible patients receiving SRL-CsA-ST from transplantation were randomly assigned at 3 months to remain on triple therapy (SRL-CsA-ST, n = 215) or to have CsA withdrawn and SRL(More)
INTRODUCTION A previous trial in renal transplantation comparing sirolimus (rapamycin) to cyclosporine (CsA) in a triple-drug therapy regimen with azathioprine and corticosteroids found that the incidence of acute rejection was similar (approximately 40%) with a trend for better renal function with sirolimus. METHODS In 14 European centers, first(More)
In 11 European centers, first cadaveric renal allograft recipients were randomized to CsA (n = 42) or sirolimus (n = 41). Dosing of these agents was concentration-controlled and open-labeled. All patients received corticosteroids and azathioprine. At 12 months, graft survival (98% sirolimus vs 93% CsA), patient survival (100% vs 98%), and incidence of(More)
Kidney transplant recipients usually have low vitamin D levels, especially in the early posttransplantation period, but the association between vitamin D status with renal outcomes is not well described in this population. Here, we studied a prospective cohort of 634 kidney recipients who underwent transplantation at a single institution between January(More)
CAN and patient death with allograft function are the 2 major causes of renal allograft loss after the first year, accounting for 80% or more of cases. According to current estimates from the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), the half-lives for renal allografts performed in 1995 and 1996 from living and cadaveric donors are 15.3 and 10.4 years,(More)