Henri A Kreis

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The 2009 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) clinical practice guideline on the monitoring, management, and treatment of kidney transplant recipients is intended to assist the practitioner caring for adults and children after kidney transplantation. The guideline development process followed an evidence-based approach, and management(More)
BACKGROUND Sirolimus (rapamycin) is a potent immunosuppressant with a mechanism of action different from cyclosporine (CsA) or tacrolimus. METHODS In 11 European centers, first cadaveric renal allograft recipients were randomized to CsA (n=42) or sirolimus (n=41). Dosing of these agents was concentration-controlled and open-labeled. All patients received(More)
INTRODUCTION This study evaluated whether cyclosporine (CsA) could be eliminated from a sirolimus (Rapamune, rapamycin, SRL)-CsA-steroid (ST) regimen at 3 months. METHODS This was an open-label study conducted in Europe, Australia, and Canada. Upon enrollment, 525 primary (90%) or secondary (10%) renal allograft recipients with cadaveric (89%) or living(More)
A massive and self-limited release of tumor necrosis factor and interferon gamma was detected in the systemic circulation in 35 consecutive renal allograft recipients by specific radioimmunoassays very soon following the first injection of the monoclonal antibody OKT3 (anti-CD3). Peak serum TNF and IFN gamma levels were reached, respectively, at 1 and 4 hr(More)
CAN and patient death with allograft function are the 2 major causes of renal allograft loss after the first year, accounting for 80% or more of cases. According to current estimates from the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), the half-lives for renal allografts performed in 1995 and 1996 from living and cadaveric donors are 15.3 and 10.4 years,(More)
Sirolimus (SRL) is a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor that, in contrast to cyclosporine (CsA), has been shown to inhibit rather than promote cancers in experimental models. At 3 mo +/- 2 wk after renal transplantation, 430 of 525 enrolled patients were randomly assigned to remain on SRL-CsA-steroids (ST) or to have CsA withdrawn and SRL troughs(More)
INTRODUCTION A previous trial in renal transplantation comparing sirolimus (rapamycin) to cyclosporine (CsA) in a triple-drug therapy regimen with azathioprine and corticosteroids found that the incidence of acute rejection was similar (approximately 40%) with a trend for better renal function with sirolimus. METHODS In 14 European centers, first(More)
Sirolimus (SRL) is a substrate for cytochromes P-450 3A and P-glycoprotein, the product of the MDR1 gene. We postulated that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of these genes could be associated with inter-individual variations in SRL requirements. We then evaluated in 149 renal transplant recipients the effect of polymorphisms CYP3A4*1/*1B, CYP3A5*1/*3(More)
The aim of this study was to correlate chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) with commonly occurring single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3 genes (HTR3). Women with breast cancer without previous chemotherapy were eligible for this prospective study. All patients received epirubicin, with or without(More)
BACKGROUND The first administration of CD3 monoclonal antibodies, such as anti-human CD3 (OKT3), induces a massive release of several cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interferon (IFN)-gamma, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-3, IL-6, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. METHODS Cytokine levels in patient's sera were(More)