Henriëtte J. Rozeboom

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The cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase, EC 2.4.1.19) gene from Bacillus circulans strain 251 was cloned and sequenced. It was found to code for a mature protein of 686 amino acid residues, showing 75% identity to the CGTase from B. circulans strain 8. The X-ray structure of the CGTase was elucidated in a maltodextrin-dependent crystal form and refined(More)
Asp-229, Glu-257, and Asp-328 constitute the catalytic residues in cyclodextrin glycosyl transferase from Bacillus circulans strain 251. Via site-directed mutagenesis constructed D229N, E257Q, and D328N mutant proteins showed a 4,000-60,000-fold reduction of cyclization activity. A D229N/E257Q double mutant showed a 700,000-fold reduction and was(More)
Crystal structures of haloalkane dehalogenase were determined in the presence of the substrate 1,2-dichloroethane. At pH 5 and 4 degrees C, substrate is bound in the active site without being converted; warming to room temperature causes the substrate's carbon-chlorine bond to be broken, producing a chloride ion with concomitant alkylation of the(More)
Tyrosine 195 is located in the center of the active site cleft of cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.19) from Bacillus circulans strain 251. Alignment of amino acid sequences of CGTases and alpha-amylases, and the analysis of the binding mode of the substrate analogue acarbose in the active site cleft [Strokopytov, B., et al. (1995) Biochemistry 34,(More)
The integrity of the bacterial cell wall depends on the balanced action of several peptidoglycan (murein) synthesizing and degrading enzymes. Penicillin inhibits the enzymes responsible for peptide crosslinks in the peptidoglycan polymer. Enzymes that act solely on the glycosidic bonds are insensitive to this antibiotic, thus offering a target for the(More)
Tyrosinase catalyzes the conversion of phenolic compounds into their quinone derivatives, which are precursors for the formation of melanin, a ubiquitous pigment in living organisms. Because of its importance for browning reactions in the food industry, the tyrosinase from the mushroom Agaricus bisporus has been investigated in depth. In previous studies(More)
Soluble glucose dehydrogenase (s-GDH; EC 1.1.99.17) is a classical quinoprotein which requires the cofactor pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) to oxidize glucose to gluconolactone. The reaction mechanism of PQQ-dependent enzymes has remained controversial due to the absence of comprehensive structural data. We have determined the X-ray structure of s-GDH with(More)
The L-2-haloacid dehalogenase from the 1,2-dichloroethane degrading bacterium Xanthobacter autotrophicus GJ10 catalyzes the hydrolytic dehalogenation of small L-2-haloalkanoic acids to yield the corresponding D-2-hydroxyalkanoic acids. Its crystal structure was solved by the method of multiple isomorphous replacement with incorporation of anomalous(More)
The E-domain of cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) (EC 2.4.1.19) from Bacillus circulans strain 251 is a putative raw starch binding domain. Analysis of the maltose-dependent CGTase crystal structure revealed that each enzyme molecule contained three maltose molecules, situated at contact points between protein molecules. Two of these maltoses were(More)
Epoxide hydrolases catalyze the cofactor-independent hydrolysis of reactive and toxic epoxides. They play an essential role in the detoxification of various xenobiotics in higher organisms and in the bacterial degradation of several environmental pollutants. The first x-ray structure of one of these, from Agrobacterium radiobacter AD1, has been determined(More)