Learn More
Both attention and masking sounds can alter auditory neural processes and affect auditory signal perception. In the present study, we investigated the complex effects of auditory-focused attention and the signal-to-noise ratio of sound stimuli on three different auditory evoked field components (auditory steady-state response, N1m, and sustained field) by(More)
Maladaptive auditory cortex reorganization may contribute to the generation and maintenance of tinnitus. Because cortical organization can be modified by behavioral training, we attempted to reduce tinnitus loudness by exposing chronic tinnitus patients to self-chosen, enjoyable music, which was modified ("notched") to contain no energy in the frequency(More)
After an untreated 5-month duration of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes mellitus (DM), nerve growth factor (NGF) levels in BDE rats were decreased to 45-65% of control in the sympathetically innervated target organs iris and submandibular gland, in the superior cervical ganglion (containing NGF-dependent sympathetic perikarya projecting to the cranial(More)
Attention improves auditory performance in noisy environments by either enhancing the processing of task-relevant stimuli ("gain"), suppressing task-irrelevant information ("sharpening"), or both. In the present study, we investigated the effect of focused auditory attention on the population-level frequency tuning in human auditory cortex by means of(More)
The investigation of functional hemispheric asymmetries regarding auditory processing in the human brain still remains a challenge. Classical lesion and recent neuroimaging studies indicated that speech is dominantly processed in the left hemisphere, whereas music is dominantly processed in the right. However, recent studies demonstrated that the functional(More)
BACKGROUND Under natural circumstances, attention plays an important role in extracting relevant auditory signals from simultaneously present, irrelevant noises. Excitatory and inhibitory neural activity, enhanced by attentional processes, seems to sharpen frequency tuning, contributing to improved auditory performance especially in noisy environments. In(More)
We investigated attentional effects on human auditory signal-in-noise processing in a simultaneous masking paradigm using magnetoencephalography. Test signal was a monaural 1000-Hz tone; maskers were binaural band-eliminated noises (BENs) containing stopbands of different widths centered on 1000 Hz. Participants directed attention either to the left or the(More)
BACKGROUND In daily life, we are exposed to different sound inputs simultaneously. During neural encoding in the auditory pathway, neural activities elicited by these different sounds interact with each other. In the present study, we investigated neural interactions elicited by masker and amplitude-modulated test stimulus in primary and non-primary human(More)
Neural activities elicited in the auditory system are systematically organized according to the frequency characteristics of corresponding sound inputs. This systematic frequency alignment, called 'tonotopy,' plays an important role in auditory perception. By means of magnetoencephalography (MEG) we investigated here interactions between neural groups(More)
Chronic tinnitus is a symptom with high prevalence. There is evidence that the tinnitus perception is related to unfavorable cortical plastic changes. In our recent study we have developed and evaluated a customized music training strategy that appears capable of both reducing cortical tinnitus related neuronal activity and alleviating subjective tinnitus(More)