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INTRODUCTION Intensive care patients commonly suffer from hyperglycemia. Evidence is growing that strictly maintaining normoglycemia by intensive insulin therapy (IIT) ameliorates outcome in these patients. Whether or not this also holds true for patients with sepsis and septic shock is the issue of this post-hoc analysis of the database (2,748 patients) of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether a goal-directed terlipressin infusion increases mean arterial pressure without causing a pulmonary vasopressive effect and whether this response impacts on key parameters of oxygen transport in healthy and endotoxemic sheep. DESIGN AND SETTING Prospective controlled trial in a university research laboratory. ANIMALS AND(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of titrated arginine vasopressin (AVP) alone or in combination with norepinephrine (NE) on hemodynamics and oxygen transport in healthy and endotoxemic sheep. DESIGN Prospective controlled trial. SETTING University research laboratory. SUBJECTS Six adult ewes. INTERVENTIONS Healthy sheep received AVP as a titrated(More)
The impact of invasive hemodynamic monitoring on patient safety and outcome in perioperative medicine remains inadequately tested and unproven. The indications for the use of these tools should, therefore, be evaluated according to an individual risk-benefit analysis. The measurement of central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) is of little invasiveness as(More)
Transient pulmonary hypertension after inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) does not alter pulmonary reflection coefficients or lymph flows in endotoxemic sheep. To test the effects of persistent pulmonary hypertension induced by N omega-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME) and of inhaled NO on pulmonary edema, 18 sheep (three groups) were chronically(More)
Microcirculatory dysfunction contributes significantly to tissue hypoxia and multiple organ failure in sepsis. Ischemia of the gut and intestinal hypoxia are especially relevant for the evolution of sepsis because the mucosal barrier function may be impaired, leading to translocation of bacteria and toxins. Because sympathetic blockade enhances intestinal(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is frequently accompanied by a systemic inflammatory response secondary to multiple trauma, shock, or infections. This study investigated the impact of sustained systemic inflammation on cerebral hemodynamics and metabolism in ovine traumatic brain injury. Fifteen sheep were investigated for 14 hours. Head injury was induced(More)
OBJECTIVE Atrial natriuretic peptide is regarded as an important regulator of pulmonary vasomotor tone and permeability. This study investigated the role of atrial natriuretic peptide in sepsis-associated pulmonary pathophysiology. DESIGN Prospective experimental investigation. SETTING Laboratory at a university hospital. SUBJECTS Twelve awake,(More)
Adrenomedullin (AM) is a vasodilatory peptide hormone, playing a key role in the regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis. In view of the circulatory failure in sepsis, it is still debated as to whether the occurrence of vascular hyporeactivity against AM plays a causative or protective role. This study was designed as a prospective, controlled trial to(More)
Biventricular dilation and severe cardiac dysfunction are observed during septic shock. However, when endotoxemia and vasoconstrictor-masked hypovolemia work in concert in the pathogenesis of shock, the clinical scenario is more adverse compared to one of the insults acting alone. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in chronic and acute heart(More)