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Reduced lung size (lung hypoplasia, LH) is the main cause of mortality in newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). However, it is unclear which mechanisms lead to LH. To assess this, we analyzed the relationship of LH and liver mass in correlation to the size of the diaphragmatic defect in rats with nitrofen-induced CDH. A total of 266 newborn(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocyte transplantation using polymeric matrices is under investigation as an alternative therapy for metabolic liver diseases. Long-term engraftment of hepatocytes in polymers has been demonstrated. However, the metabolic activity of hepatocytes in such devices has never been assessed in direct comparison with liver grafts. METHODS(More)
Hepatocyte transplantation using porous matrices is under investigation as an alternative therapy for certain liver diseases. For this purpose, long-term function of transplanted hepatocytes is mandatory. This problem has not been sufficiently investigated yet. In this study Lewis rats were used as donors and recipients. Stimulated (group A, portocaval(More)
Maintenance of liver-specific function of hepatocytes in culture is still difficult. Improved culture conditions may enhance the cell growth and function of cultured cells. We investigated the effect of three-dimensional culture under flow conditions, and the influence of surface modifications in hepatocyte cultures. Hepatocytes were harvested from Lewis(More)
Today, liver transplantation is still the only curative treatment for liver failure due to end-stages liver diseases. Donor organ shortage, high cost and the need of immunosuppressive medications are still the major limitations in the field of liver transplantation. Thus, alternative innovative cell-based liver directed therapies, e.g. liver tissue(More)
Hematopoietic and hepatic stem cells share characteristic markers such as CD34, c-kit, and Thy1. Based on the recent observations that hepatocytes may originate from bone marrow, we investigated the potential of CD34(+) bone marrow cells to differentiate into hepatocytic cells in vitro. CD34(+) and CD34(-) human bone marrow cells were separated by magnetic(More)
OBJECTIVE The liver is the primary site of hematopoiesis during fetal development; it has been shown that thrombopoietin (TPO) produced by the liver during fetal development is a major regulator of megakaryocytopoiesis. As maximum liver growth and hematopoiesis occur simultaneously, we hypothesized that TPO may act as a growth factor for hepatic(More)
BACKGROUND The Y-box-binding protein-1 (YB-1) is a member of a family of DNA-binding proteins and an oncogenic transcription factor that is highly expressed in cancers of the breast, lung and prostate. To date, no data are available on its role in neuroblastoma. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the YB-1 expression in neuroblastoma. MATERIALS(More)
Faulty ventral openings of the urethra constitute a broad spectrum of malformations that are subsumed under the term "hypospadia." The normal development of the urethra and the genitals critically depends on the following events: (a) formation of the external genitalia, (b) fate of the cloacal membrane, and (c) formation of the distal urethra. The purpose(More)
For the development of innovative cell-based liver directed therapies, e.g. liver tissue engineering, the use of stem cells might be very attractive to overcome the limitation of donor liver tissue. Liver specific differentiation of embryonic, fetal or adult stem cells is currently under investigation. Different types of fetal liver (stem) cells during(More)