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STUDY OBJECTIVE The pathophysiology of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi)-induced angioedema most likely resembles that of hereditary angioedema, ie, it is mainly mediated by bradykinin-induced activation of vascular bradykinin B2 receptors. We hypothesize that the bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist icatibant might be an effective therapy for(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary angioedema is characterized by recurrent attacks of angioedema of the skin, larynx, and gastrointestinal tract. Bradykinin is the key mediator of symptoms. Icatibant is a selective bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist. METHODS In two double-blind, randomized, multicenter trials, we evaluated the effect of icatibant in patients with(More)
Squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN) frequently display high levels of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Since EGFR is expressed on the cell surface it may form a suitable target for anticancer therapy with anti-receptor monoclonal antibodies (mAb). Besides the interference with receptor/ligand interactions, binding of mAb to(More)
A polymorphism at codon 72 of the human tumor suppressor p53 determines translation into either arginine or proline. Yet, the impact of this amino acid variability on the risk to develop malignant tumors, particularly carcinomas associated with human papilloma virus (HPV) infections, remains unresolved because of contradictory results. To address a(More)
The proto-oncogene products erbB-l (EGF-Receptor) and erbB-2 (HER-2/neu), distinct members of the epidermal growth factor receptor family, are frequently overexpressed in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). The accumulation of these transmembrane proteins may lead to significant amounts of the respective extracellular receptor domains(More)
Chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy are established measures in treatment protocols of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, we still lack reliable predictive markers for the response to radio- and chemotherapy. The p53 pathway is involved in stress response and thus might influence chemo-/radiosensitivity. Using 29 HNSCC cell lines(More)
Overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a hallmark of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against EGFR are currently used for therapy of recurrent or metastatic disease; however, their mode of action is not completely understood. To investigate the immunological effects of anti-EGFR(More)
After laryngectomy the majority of patients receive a vocal rehabilitation by tracheo-esophageal puncture and insertion of voice prosthesis. Periprosthetic leakage causing aspiration represents a well known complication and is frequently treated by temporary removal of the prosthesis with shrinkage of the shunt. Here we describe 10 patients with such a(More)
Mutations and interaction with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 oncoprotein are well-established mechanisms of p53 inactivation. In a series of 123 unselected squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN), we performed sequence analysis of the entire coding region of p53 transcript and determined the presence of the E6 transcripts of HPV 16(More)