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OBJECTIVE The primary aim of this study was to compare the predictive value of motor evoked potentials (MEPs) and early clinical assessment with regard to long-term hand motor recovery in patients with profound hemiplegia after stroke. METHODS The sample was an inception cohort of 39 stroke patients with an acute, ischemic, supratentorial stroke and an(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been successful in the prediction of motor recovery in acute stroke patients with initially severe paresis or paralysis of the upper extremity. Motor evoked potentials (MEP) appear to have a high specificity but a rather low sensitivity with regard to motor recovery. The silent period (SP) has been proposed as an(More)
The primary goal of this study was to identify secondary functional changes in the peripheral motor units of the paretic upper extremity (UE) in patients with severe ischemic stroke and to determine how these changes develop during the first weeks after stroke. An inception cohort of 27 consecutive patients with an acute ischemic supratentorial stroke and(More)
The short-term effects of whole-body vibration as a novel method of somatosensory stimulation on postural control were investigated in 23 chronic stroke patients. While standing on a commercial platform, patients received 30-Hz oscillations at 3 mm of amplitude in the frontal plane. Balance was assessed four times at 45-min intervals with a dual-plate force(More)
A syndrome of paroxysmal, episodic sympathetic hyperactivity after acquired brain injury has been recognized for almost 60 years. This project sought to simplify the confused nomenclature for the condition (>31 eponyms) and simplify the nine overlapping sets of diagnostic criteria. A consensus-developed questionnaire based on a systematic review of the(More)
In order to determine the influence of somatosensory impairments, due to the loss of large myelinated fibres, on the postural stability of Charcot-Marie-Tooth 1A (CMT) patients, a cross-sectional balance assessment was done. Nine CMT patients were compared with eight patients with a distal type of Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA), and 11 healthy control(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the independent contribution of visuospatial hemineglect to impaired postural control in the acute phase (<2 weeks) of stroke compared with other possible clinical and biological determinants. METHODS This study was conducted in 4 hospitals in the mid-east region of the Netherlands. A total of 78(More)
BACKGROUND Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (MD1) is one of the most prevalent neuromuscular diseases, yet very little is known about how MD1 affects the lives of couples and how they themselves manage individually and together. To better match health care to their problems, concerns and needs, it is important to understand their perspective of living with this(More)
The objective of this study is to determine if quality of care, symptoms of depression, disease characteristics and quality of life of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are related to requesting euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (EAS) and dying due to EAS. Therefore, 102 ALS patients filled out structured questionnaires every 3 months(More)
32 The contribution of reflexes from the large myelinated afferents in the control of normal and perturbed 33 gait in humans is a highly debated issue. One way to investigate this topic is by studying normal and 34 perturbed gait in patients lacking large myelinated fibers in the distal limb (CMT type 1A, Charcot-35 Marie-Tooth disease). Such patients(More)