Henk Overmars

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In this report, we describe the first known patient with a deficiency of sterol carrier protein X (SCPx), a peroxisomal enzyme with thiolase activity, which is required for the breakdown of branched-chain fatty acids. The patient presented with torticollis and dystonic head tremor as well as slight cerebellar signs with intention tremor, nystagmus,(More)
We identified a new peroxisomal disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme alpha-methylacyl-coenzyme A (CoA) racemase. Patients with this disorder show elevated plasma levels of pristanic acid and the bile acid intermediates di- and trihydroxycholestanoic acid (DHCA and THCA), which are all substrates for the peroxisomal beta-oxidation system.(More)
We determined cardiolipin concentrations in cultured skin fibroblasts of 5 patients with X-linked cardioskeletal myopathy and neutropenia (Barth syndrome, MIM 302060) and in two groups of control patients. High-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray mass spectrometry was used to quantify total cardiolipin and subclasses of cardiolipin molecular(More)
BACKGROUND The concentration of cardiolipin (CL) in cultured skin fibroblasts is a useful indicator of Barth syndrome (BTHS; MIM 302060), but the sampling and culturing of fibroblasts are burdensome and time-consuming procedures. We investigated whether the analysis of CL in platelets might help to identify BTHS in patients suspected of having this(More)
The beta-oxidation of valproic acid (VPA; 2-n-propylpentanoic acid) was investigated in vitro in intact rat liver mitochondria incubated with (3)H-labelled VPA. The metabolism of [4,5-(3)H(2)]VPA and [2-(3)H]VPA was studied by analysing the different acyl-CoA intermediates formed by reverse-phase HPLC with radiochemical detection. Valproyl-CoA,(More)
Bile acids (BAs) are water-soluble end products from cholesterol metabolism and are essential for efficient absorption of dietary lipids. By using targeted somatic mutagenesis of the nuclear receptor liver receptor homolog 1 (LRH-1) in mouse hepatocytes, we demonstrate here that LRH-1 critically regulates the physicochemical properties of BAs. The absence(More)
The object of this study was to investigate whether the levels of cardiolipin in cultured skin fibroblasts of patients with Barth syndrome (BTHS) can be restored by addition of linoleic acid to growth media. To this end, fibroblasts from controls and BTHS patients were grown in the presence or absence of linoleic acid. High-performance liquid(More)
The metabolic fate of fluvoxamine maleate in man was investigated. The metabolites were isolated from the pooled urines of healthy volunteers who had ingested either 5 mg radioactive, or 100 mg non-radioactive fluvoxamine maleate as a single dose. The main isolation methods were solvent extraction, column and thin-layer chromatography. Eleven metabolites(More)
A common feature of most peroxisomal disorders is the accumulation of very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) and/or pristanic and phytanic acid in plasma. Previously described methods utilizing either gas chromatography alone or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry are, in general, time-consuming and unable to analyze VLCFAs, pristanic and phytanic acid(More)