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Evidence is accumulating that CD4(+) T-helper (Th) responses play a critical role in facilitating effector responses which are capable of controlling and even preventing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The present work was undertaken to determine whether immunization with multiple antigens influenced individual Th responses and increased(More)
The complete nucleotide sequences of three chimpanzee polyomavirus genetic variants were determined. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the viruses form two different genotypes of ChPyV. Comparison with other primate polyomaviruses revealed a putative agnogene, and an unusually long VP1 open reading frame. The transcriptional control regions (TCR) of the(More)
The virus-host relationship in simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infected chimpanzees is thought to be different from that found in other SIV infected African primates. However, studies of captive SIVcpz infected chimpanzees are limited. Previously, the natural SIVcpz infection of one chimpanzee, and the experimental infection of six chimpanzees was(More)
Cyclin D family members are cellular protooncogenes, and their viral homologues in the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV, human herpesvirus type 8 [HHV-8]) and the closely related Herpesvirus saimiri have been implicated as putative cofactors of viral transformation and pathogenesis. KSHV is regularly found in Kaposi's sarcoma and in the primary(More)
Of the viral factors that are proposed to influence the rate of progression to AIDS, the role of infectious dose remains unresolved. Intravenous infection of outbred Macaca mulatta with various doses of simian immunodeficiency virus isolate 8980 (SIV(8980)) revealed an endpoint from which an infectious dose 50 (ID(50)) was defined. In the six infected(More)
Great apes are extremely sensitive to infections with human respiratory viruses. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed sera from captive chimpanzees, gorillas and orang-utans. More than 1000 sera (403 chimpanzee, 77 gorilla, and 535 orang-utan sera) were analyzed for antibodies to the human respiratory viruses RSV (respiratory syncytial virus, hMPV(More)
The mosquito-borne West Nile virus (WNV) causes human and animal disease with outbreaks in several parts of the world including North America, the Mediterranean countries, Central and East Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. Particularly in elderly people and individuals with an impaired immune system, infection with WNV can progress into a serious(More)
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