Henk-Jan van den Ham

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BACKGROUND Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) results in different clinical outcomes ranging from asymptomatic containment to rapidly progressing tuberculosis (TB). The mechanisms controlling TB progression in immunologically-competent hosts remain unclear. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To address these mechanisms, we analyzed TB progression(More)
OBJECTIVES With the introduction of high-throughput biomarker measurements, traditional analysis of these markers is increasingly difficult. Using samples from a diverse group of patients, we tested the applicability of cluster analysis to these data. Using this method, we aim to visualize some of the patterns specific to certain disease groups. In(More)
The T(h)1/T(h)2 paradigm has been used for decades to characterize phenotypically different immune responses. Recent discoveries, e.g. T(h)17 cells are adding more dimensions to the helper T cell framework, and the T(h)1/T(h)2 paradigm is currently being extended to include these new phenotypes. Previous mathematical models cannot easily be extended to(More)
BACKGROUND Severe dengue virus (DENV) disease is associated with extensive immune activation, characterized by a cytokine storm. Previously, elevated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) levels in dengue were found to correlate with clinical disease severity. In the present cross-sectional study we identified markers of microbial translocation and immune activation,(More)
BACKGROUND During a dengue outbreak on the Caribbean island Aruba, highly elevated levels of ferritin were detected in dengue virus infected patients. Ferritin is an acute-phase reactant and hyperferritinaemia is a hallmark of diseases caused by extensive immune activation, such as haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. The aim of this study was to(More)
The T helper paradigm is currently being revised from the Th1-Th2 dichotomy to a multi-state paradigm involving a number of different cell phenotypes. Transcriptional profiling using microarrays has been used to study the development of these phenotypes. There is however no clear consensus on how to approach the analysis of this data, especially in the(More)
Current avian influenza surveillance in poultry primarily targets subtypes of interest for the veterinary sector (H5, H7). However, as virological and serological evidence suggest, surveillance of additional subtypes is important for public health as well as for the poultry industry. Therefore, we developed a protein microarray enabling simultaneous(More)
Background: Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) results in different clinical outcomes ranging from asymptomatic containment to rapidly progressing tuberculosis (TB). The mechanisms controlling TB progression in immunologically-competent hosts remain unclear.
BACKGROUND Dengue virus (DENV) infection causes viral haemorrhagic fever that is characterized by extensive activation of the immune system. The aim of this study is to investigate the kinetics of the transcriptome signature changes during the course of disease and the association of genes in these signatures with clinical parameters. (More)
Purpose To investigate which cytokines and chemokines are involved in the immunopathogenesis of acute retinal necrosis (ARN), and whether cytokine profiles are associated with clinical manifestations, such as visual outcome. Methods Serum and aqueous humor (AH) samples of 19 patients with ARN were analyzed by multiplex immunoassay. Infectious controls(More)