Henk-Jan Schuurman

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BACKGROUND This report describes the preclinical pharmacological profile of the new rapamycin analog, SDZ RAD, i.e., 40-O-(2-hydroxyethyl)-rapamycin. METHODS The pharmacological effects of SDZ RAD were assessed in a variety of in vitro and in vivo models, which included an autoimmune disease model as well as kidney and heart allotransplantation models(More)
The use of animal organs could potentially alleviate the critical worldwide shortage of donor organs for clinical transplantation. Because of the strong immune response to xenografts, success will probably depend upon new strategies of immune suppression and induction of tolerance. Here we report our initial results using alpha-1,3-galactosyltransferase(More)
Cell-based diabetes therapy requires an abundant cell source. Here, we report reversal of diabetes for more than 100 d in cynomolgus macaques after intraportal transplantation of cultured islets from genetically unmodified pigs without Gal-specific antibody manipulation. Immunotherapy with CD25-specific and CD154-specific monoclonal antibodies, FTY720 (or(More)
Here we report the identification of inbred miniature swine that failed to produce human-tropic replication-competent porcine endogenous retroviruses (HTRC PERVs), using in vitro coculture assays. When HTRC PERVs were isolated from transmitting animals, all were recombinant viruses, with the receptor-binding domain of PERV-A combining with PERV-C-related(More)
The replication of porcine endogenous retrovirus subgroup A (PERV-A) and PERV-B in certain human cell lines indicates that PERV may pose an infectious risk in clinical xenotransplantation. We have previously reported that human-tropic PERVs isolated from infected human cells following cocultivation with miniature swine peripheral blood mononuclear cells(More)
Presentation of antigen in the form of immune complexes to B lymphocytes by follicular dendritic cells (FDC) is considered to be a central step in the generation of memory B cells. During this process, which takes place in the microenvironment of the germinal center, B cells and FDC are in close physical contact. In the present study, we have explored the(More)
Hearts from alpha1,3-galactosyltransferase knockout pigs (GalT-KO, n = 8) were transplanted heterotopically into baboons using an anti-CD154 monoclonal antibody-based regimen. The elimination of the galactose-alpha1,3-galactose epitope prevented hyperacute rejection and extended survival of pig hearts in baboons for 2-6 months (median, 78 d); the(More)
BACKGROUND The recent generation of alpha1,3-galactosyltransferase gene-knockout (GalT-KO) pigs has allowed investigation of the survival of GalT-KO pig organs in nonhuman primates. METHODS Heterotopic heart transplantation from GalT-KO pigs was carried out in baboons (n=8) using a human antihuman CD154 monoclonal antibody-based immunosuppressive regimen.(More)
Xenotransplantation using porcine cells, tissues, or organs may offer a potential solution for the shortage of allogeneic human organs. Prior to the clinical use of porcine xenotransplants, three main hurdles must be overcome: immunologic rejection, physiologic incompatibility, and risk of transmission of porcine pathogens. Designated pathogen-free breeding(More)
The presence of nerve-like fibers in the human thymus was studied by immunohistochemistry on frozen tissue sections and sections of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue, for neurofilaments (Nf) of 68-, 160-, and 200-kDa (neuron-specific structural proteins), neuron-specific protein PGP9.5, tyrosin hydroxylase (noradrenergic innervation), chromogranin A(More)