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BACKGROUND This report describes the preclinical pharmacological profile of the new rapamycin analog, SDZ RAD, i.e., 40-O-(2-hydroxyethyl)-rapamycin. METHODS The pharmacological effects of SDZ RAD were assessed in a variety of in vitro and in vivo models, which included an autoimmune disease model as well as kidney and heart allotransplantation models(More)
Hearts from alpha1,3-galactosyltransferase knockout pigs (GalT-KO, n = 8) were transplanted heterotopically into baboons using an anti-CD154 monoclonal antibody-based regimen. The elimination of the galactose-alpha1,3-galactose epitope prevented hyperacute rejection and extended survival of pig hearts in baboons for 2-6 months (median, 78 d); the(More)
Cell-based diabetes therapy requires an abundant cell source. Here, we report reversal of diabetes for more than 100 d in cynomolgus macaques after intraportal transplantation of cultured islets from genetically unmodified pigs without Gal-specific antibody manipulation. Immunotherapy with CD25-specific and CD154-specific monoclonal antibodies, FTY720 (or(More)
Xenotransplantation using porcine cells, tissues, or organs may offer a potential solution for the shortage of allogeneic human organs. Prior to the clinical use of porcine xenotransplants, three main hurdles must be overcome: immunologic rejection, physiologic incompatibility, and risk of transmission of porcine pathogens. Designated pathogen-free breeding(More)
The replication of porcine endogenous retrovirus subgroup A (PERV-A) and PERV-B in certain human cell lines indicates that PERV may pose an infectious risk in clinical xenotransplantation. We have previously reported that human-tropic PERVs isolated from infected human cells following cocultivation with miniature swine peripheral blood mononuclear cells(More)
Heterotopic cardiac xenotransplantation from alpha1,3-galactosyltransferase gene-knockout (GalT-KO) swine to baboons was performed to characterize immunological reaction to the xenograft in the absence of anti-Gal antibody-mediated rejection. Eight baboons received heterotopic cardiac xenografts from GalT-KO porcine donors. All baboons were treated with(More)
Growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) have been demonstrated to play a role in T and B cell development. We studied the effects of IGF-II on T cell development in two transgenic mouse lines that overexpress human IGF-II under the control of the H2Kb promoter. The thymuses of 1-wk-old mice of two transgenic lines (5'-35 and 5'-74) contained(More)
Cultured thymic fragments correspond to the thymic microenvironment depleted of lymphocytes and dendritic cells. When these fragments are implanted under the kidney capsule of congenitally athymic rats, lymphocytes and dendritic cells of host origin enter the graft and induce thymus-dependent immunity in the recipient. This paper describes the(More)
The thymus of diabetes prone BB rats (DP) was studied and compared with diabetes resistant (DR) BB rats and normal WAG rats. Thymuses were obtained from 4-5 week old animals, i.e. before the onset of disease. Analysis included specific immune histology using a panel of monoclonal antibodies directed against markers both on thymocytes and stromal cells. No(More)
Two sisters aged 13 and 19 years suffering from familial Cushing's syndrome due to nodular adrenocortical dysplasia are described. Pituitary adrenocortical function tests indicated the presence of adrenal autonomy. Adrenal scintigraphy showed bilateral symmetrical uptake indicating the bilateral character of the autonomous process. Complete adrenalectomy(More)