Henk-Jan Schuurman

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Xenotransplantation using porcine cells, tissues, or organs may offer a potential solution for the shortage of allogeneic human organs. Prior to the clinical use of porcine xenotransplants, three main hurdles must be overcome: immunologic rejection, physiologic incompatibility, and risk of transmission of porcine pathogens. Designated pathogen-free breeding(More)
Graft vessel disease (GVD) is a major cause of graft loss after the first year following transplantation. GVD is a complex, multifunctional process that involves immunological as well as non-immunological events such as ischaemia/reperfusion injury. An important target cell to interfere with the development of GVD is the smooth muscle cell (SMC).(More)
Presentation of antigen in the form of immune complexes to B lymphocytes by follicular dendritic cells (FDC) is considered to be a central step in the generation of memory B cells. During this process, which takes place in the microenvironment of the germinal center, B cells and FDC are in close physical contact. In the present study, we have explored the(More)
A postulated mechanism for autoimmune disorders is that the immunoreactivity develops against bacterial antigens which show a high degree of sequence homology with mammalian proteins. The mycobacterial 65 kD heat shock protein (hsp) has been implicated in several forms of arthritis. Substantial amounts of the human 60 kD homologue (hsp60) were produced by(More)
Here we report the identification of inbred miniature swine that failed to produce human-tropic replication-competent porcine endogenous retroviruses (HTRC PERVs), using in vitro coculture assays. When HTRC PERVs were isolated from transmitting animals, all were recombinant viruses, with the receptor-binding domain of PERV-A combining with PERV-C-related(More)
We evaluated the presence of anterior pituitary hormones; follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and its beta-subunit (beta-FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and its beta-subunit (beta-LH), beta-subunit of thyroid-stimulating hormone (beta-TSH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), growth hormone (GH), and prolactin (PRL); the placental hormone human chorionic(More)
The immunosuppressive drug rapamycin suppresses T-cell activation by impairing the T-cell response to lymphokines such as interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interleukin-4 (IL-4). In addition, rapamycin blocks the proliferative response of cell lines to a variety of hematopoietic growth factors, including interleukin-3 (IL-3), interleukin-6 (IL-6), granulocyte-colony(More)
UNLABELLED Porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERVs) released from pig tissue can infect selected human cells in vitro and therefore represent a safety risk for xenotransplantation using pig cells, tissues, or organs. Although PERVs infect cells of numerous species in vitro, attempts to establish reliable animal models failed until now. Absence of PERV(More)
The histology of epithelium-free areas in the subcapsular region of the thymus was studied in Wistar rats. Lymphocytes in these areas were CD4/CD8 double-positive, TCR alpha/beta positive in low intensity, and in CD5 labeling either negative or positive in low intensity. There was a high proliferative activity as assessed by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation(More)
The presence of nerve-like fibers in the human thymus was studied by immunohistochemistry on frozen tissue sections and sections of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue, for neurofilaments (Nf) of 68-, 160-, and 200-kDa (neuron-specific structural proteins), neuron-specific protein PGP9.5, tyrosin hydroxylase (noradrenergic innervation), chromogranin A(More)